Topic: Indian Culture, salient aspects of Art forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.
1) How did the Bhakti movement help reduce social evils of their times? Justify using suitable examples.(250 words)
class XI NCERT Medieval India
Why this question:
The question is about discussing the role played by Bhakti movement in addressing the social issues.
Key demand of the question:
The answer must discuss significant role played by Bhakti saints and the movement in addressing the social ills, one has to quote examples to substantiate the answer.
Structure of the answer:
Begin with brief introduction on Bhakti movement.
Discussion should include the following:
State core principles of Bhakti movement which defied the existing social system and values.
Explain how the beginning of Bhakti movement took place in South India between the 7th and the 12th centuries through the teachings of poet saints known as Alvars and Nayanar whose hymns were collected and compiled in the 10th century. Kabir, Guru Nanak, Mirabai, Surdas, Tulsi Das, Chaitanya are some of the prominent saints of Bhakti movement.
Bhakti saints rose voice against the popular social conventions and evils of that time such as – Rejection of ritualism, criticized casteism, Monotheism, Use of common vernacular languages and local dialect etc.
Quote examples of saints like – Kabir, Gyaneshwar etc.
Conclude by reasserting their role.