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1) The recent proposal of Delhi government to make public transport free for women has opened a debate about the ways in which women access transport and the barriers they face, in such a context analyse how reforms in public transport affect women? (250 words)

Topic: Role of women.

1) The recent proposal of Delhi government to make public transport free for women has opened a debate about the ways in which women access transport and the barriers they face, in such a context analyse how reforms in public transport affect women? (250 words)

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Why this question:

The article provides for a detailed analysis of how public transport reforms can be a boom to Women and their empowerment.

Demand of the question:

This answer must analyse in detail the reforms in public transport and their effect on Women.

Directive word:

AnalyseWhen asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

Start with brief introduction of importance of public transport.

Body

One can start by quoting facts like – Census data from 2011 showed that 45% of women do not even travel for work, meaning that they work out of their own houses. As a result, India has one of the world’s most lopsided ratios of male versus female commuting.

This gender commuting gap may be linked to the gender wage gap, which also really opens up after the arrival of children in the family. If women take work closer to home because of caring responsibilities, they may be less likely to find a job well matched to their skills or with a high-paying employer.Discuss the general challenges faced by women owing o lack of transport facilities.Then move on to explain the effect of policy reforms; explain the case study of Delhi.

Economic  Growth: A  good  transportation system  is an important selling  point to communities that desire to attract development that provides for employment and growth of a city. If transport costs due to congestion increase, goods and services produced within that city tend to increase in costs  thus losing  competitiveness  in international  markets. Efficient  transportation access  is therefore  a very important  consideration as it  has a direct impact on  sound and sustainable economic growth and productivity. The cost of congestion in the Western Province of Sri  Lanka is over Rs 20,000 million per year (around 2 percent of Regional GDP). This includes the cost of productive time and wastage of fuel.   

Quality-of-Life: To some people, congested highways are a symptom of deteriorating quality-of-life-in a community.  The amount of time that is spent on commuting to and from work is also in reality, time that is taken away from social interactions or pursuit of activities that have a personal value and satisfaction.

Conclusion

Conclude with significance of such steps.