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1) Analyse the effect of Urban traffic congestion on economic growth and quality of life of the country. (250 words)

Topic: Urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

1) Analyse the effect of Urban traffic congestion on economic growth and quality of life of the country. (250 words)

Indianexpress

 

Why this question:

A recent study has ranked Mumbai as the most traffic-congested city in the world for the second straight year, and Delhi at fourth place. Thus its important for us to analyse the effects of congestion on economic growth and quality of life of the country.

Demand of the question:

This question seeks to examine the problems posed by traffic congestion in the Indian cities.

Directive word:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

Start with brief introduction of the context of the question.

Body

One can start by stating the recent findings – Traffic Index 2018 published by TomTom, an Amsterdam-based company that offers traffic solutions and has been publishing city rankings for eight years. The latest index ranks 403 cities across 56 countries. Mumbai is the most traffic-congested city in the world for the second straight year, and Delhi is ranked at fourth place. Bogota (Colombia) is ranked at second and Lima (Peru) is ranked third.

Mumbai’s 2018 congestion level of 65%, therefore, means that the extra travel time is 65% more than an average trip would take during uncongested conditions. For Delhi, by the same yardstick, the extra travel time is 58% more.

Then move on to explain the problems posed by traffic congestion.

Explain the link between traffic congestion and economic growth, quality of life, as to how it is a key determining factor etc.

Economic  Growth: A  good  transportation system  is an important selling  point to communities

that desire to attract development that provides for employment and growth of a city. If transport

costs due to congestion increase, goods and services produced within that city tend to increase in

costs  thus losing  competitiveness  in international  markets. Efficient  transportation access  is

therefore  a very important  consideration as it  has a direct impact on  sound and sustainable

economic growth and productivity. The cost of congestion in the Western Province of Sri  Lanka

is over Rs 20,000 million per year (around 2 percent of Regional GDP). This includes the cost of

productive time and wastage of fuel.   

Quality-of-Life: To some people, congested highways are a symptom of deteriorating quality-of-

life-in a community.  The amount of time that is spent on commuting to and from work is also in

reality, time that is taken away from social interactions or pursuit of activities that have a personal

value and satisfaction.

Conclusion

Conclude with solutions to the problem.