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[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 10 June 2019

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 10 June 2019

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INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2019: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 

Tomorrow’s Static Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues
arising out of their design and implementation.


General Studies – 1


Topic:  Indian Culture will cover the salient aspects of Art forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

1) The art of storytelling through paintings reached its zenith during Mughal Period in India. Elucidate with suitable examples. (250 words)

Class XI NCERT Medieval India

Why this question:

The question is about discussing the prevalent art forms especially the paintings during the Mughal period.

Key demand of the question:

The question expects us to analyse how the art of storytelling was made relevant with the coming of painting styles during the Mughal periods in India.

Directive word:

ElucidateGive a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin with brief introduction on paintings during the Mughal period.

Body:

  • Discuss the coming of storytelling through paintings in India – how it started, when and where – Story telling through paintings has been an established art form in India. We find many examples of Ramayana and Mahabharata depicted in the form of continuous paintings, for example in Patachitra of Odisha.
  • Similarly, Jataka stories of Buddha are also found in paintings of Ajanta Caves in Maharashtra.
  • Though this art form already existed in India, but Mughals with their rich colors and more realistic paintings took this art to its pinnacle.
  • Then move onto explain Mughal era paintings and their significance.

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance.


General Studies – 2


Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation. 

2) Is the reservation policy earmarking a 10% quota for the economically weaker sections of the “general category” empirically founded and justifiable? Critically analyse.(250 words)

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Why this question:

An analysis of 445 premier higher education institutions finds that this section of students already had about 28% of representation—that is, close to three times the proposed 10% quota—in these institutions in 2016–17. This finding raises questions as to the relevance and possible impact of the proposed policy.

Key demands of the question:

Answer is to analyse the reservation policy earmarking 10% quota for the economically weaker sections (EWS) , as to whether it is justified or not.

Directive word

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

In a few introductory lines define the policy that came into effect recently.

Body

  • The recent reservation policy brought about by introducing an amendment to the Constitution intends to reserve 10% of the total seats in higher education institutions, both private and public, and in government jobs exclusively for the EWS belonging to the general category.
  • Discuss what are the pros and cons of the policy.
  • Discuss the rationale behind it.
  • Suggest your opinion and conclude with fair and balanced conclusion.

Conclusion

Conclude with significance of such policies,  yet suggest what more can be done.


Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

3) What are the major reforms needed in Food Corporation of India to ensure food security in India? Do you think the recommendations of the Shanta Kumar Committee take us in that direction? (250 words)

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Why this question:

Union Minister of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution laid down the future roadmap for Food Corporation of India (FCI) recently, thus it is essential for us to analyse the major reforms needed in Food Corporation of India to ensure food security in India.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must analyse the major reforms needed in Food Corporation of India to ensure food security in India along with significance of Shanta Kumar committee.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

In a few lines state some the role played by FCI.

Body:

The answer must discuss the following:

Discuss the Key highlights of the roadmap:

  • Primacy will be given to ensuring that the functioning of FCI is streamlined and fast paced as per recommendations of the Shanta Kumar Committee.
  • 100 lakh ton silo storage capacity will be created in the country. For this, RITES has been assigned the task of changing the silo model and they will give their recommendations in 90 days to FCI.
  • At present, there are 3 types of labourers in FCI namely Departmental, Daily Payment System (DPS) and No work no pay workers along with contractual labour. Government of India is deliberating to finish the 3 different arrangements and bring all workers of FCI under a single, uniform system which will bring stability of tenure and secured wages for all.
  • To improve the usage of Information Technology in FCI, a Human Resource Management System (HRMS) will be implemented, the work for which will begin in August, 2019 and will be completed by August 2020. This move will benefit 22,000 employees in 196 offices of FCI.

Then move on to explaining the significance of recommendations made by Shanta Kumar committee.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


General Studies – 3


Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

4) Do you think Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act violates international human rights standards on freedom of association? Critically examine. (250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

Recently Union Home Ministry has warned of taking penal action against NGOs who have changed office bearers without taking its approval.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must evaluate in detail FCRA, and the recent actions taken in this direction by the govt.

Directive word:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer

Introduction:

In a few introductory lines state what is FCRA – The Foreign Contribution Regulations Act (FCRA) is used to regulate foreign contribution (especially monetary donation) provided by certain individuals or associations to NGOs and others within India.

Body:

Answers must discuss the following aspects –

  • What are the concerns associated with the FCRA?
  • Explain the recent steps taken by the govt. – In a notification, Union Home Ministry said, some incidents have come to light that some NGOs, having registered under Foreign Contribution Regulation Act (FCRA), have changed their office bearers without its approval.
  • The Home Ministry said, replacement of key functionaries of FCRA registered organizations without prior permission is a violation of the law.
  • The Ministry has asked the NGOs to submit applications for addition or deletion or any change of details about office bearers within one month from the date of issue of notice.
  • Conclude with what needs to be done to overcome such concerns and challenges.

Conclusion –

Conclude with way forward.


Topic:  Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

5) Discuss the key highlights of ‘prudential framework for resolution of stressed assets’ that were recently released by RBI, also discuss significance of such steps.(250 words)

Reference

Why this question:

The question is in the context of recently released RBI’s new prudential framework for resolution of stressed assets by banks.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the key features of the new prudential framework for resolution of stressed assets by banks, also one should provide for previous efforts made in this direction.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

In a few introductory lines discuss the issues plaguing the Banks of India in terms of the stressed assets.

Body:

In brief discuss –

  • The new framework for resolution of bad loans, offers a 30-day gap for stress recognition instead of the one-day default earlier.
  • Lenders will have complete discretion with regard to the design and implementation of resolution plans, subject to the specified timeline and independent credit evaluation.
  • enders may recognize incipient stress in loan accounts, immediately on default, by classifying such assets as special mention accounts (SMA).
  • For the purpose of restructuring, the definition of ‘financial difficulty’ to be aligned with the guidelines issued by the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision; and,
  • If multiple lenders are involved, all the lenders must enter into an inter-creditor agreement (ICA) during the review period, to provide for ground rules for the resolution plan.
  • Suggest what should be the way forward.

Conclusion:

Conclude with what more needs to be done.


General Studies – 4


Topic:Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions.

6) School and family are two important agents through which the child is develops moral values and evolves as an ethical individual. Elucidate.(250 words)

 

Why this question:

The question is to analyse the significant role played by school and family in the upbringing of moral values in a child.

Demand of the question:

This question seeks to examine the role of school and family in sculpting a moral and ethical behaviour in individuals.

Directive word:

ElucidateGive a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

Start with brief introduction of the context of the question.

Body

Explain the role played by school in sculpting an individual, how family has key role to play, what are the changes both bring in one’s life etc. Give examples to justify and suggest ideal conditions that one must look for to bring up the best in an individual.

Conclusion

Conclude with significance.


Topic :  Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.

7) What do you understand by war ethics? Do you agree ‘Everything is fair in love and war’? Elucidate.(250 words)

Ethics by Lexicon

Why this question:

The question intends to discuss the indispensability of ethics in human life. One must discuss how the purpose of war ethics is to help decide what is right or wrong, both for individuals and countries.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the nuances associated with war ethics in detail.

Structure of the answer:

Directive:

ElucidateGive a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Introduction:

In a few introductory lines appreciate what you understand by War ethics.

Body:

Explain first the circumstances, ethical angles involved in wars. Then move to explain the meaning of Everything is fair in love and war. The ends justify the means when it comes to love and war. When you are fighting a war, it is important to do what you have to in order to win the war. You can’t expect someone to play fair in war when their survival is on the line. When going for love it is also important to do as much as you can for the people that you love. Such questions are best answered using examples.

Conclusion:

Conclude by reasserting significance of ethics.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

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