Topic: urbanization, their problems and their remedies.
1) “Though urbanization is considered to be a reagent for economic growth, so far India has not been able to tap its full potential.” Discuss.(250 words)
Why this question:
India’s emerging urban moment is caught between two realities: inadequate systems in public transportation, housing, waste management, and access to sanitation and health; and a burgeoning ecosystem of enterprising individuals, communities and start-ups pushing innovative solutions to these very same civic issues. Thus it necessary for us to evaluate the concerns and challenges involved.
Key demand of the question:
The answer must evaluate in detail the challenges facing urbanisation in India and suggest what needs to be done.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer
In a few introductory lines bring out the current state of Urbanization in India, if possible, use facts/data to assert better.
Answers must discuss the following aspects –
- Discuss specific challenges of urbanization in India – the efficacy of urban administration has not improved with the pace of urbanization. Examine the reasons & suggest remedies. Explain the deficits in urban administration: (1) empowerment (2) resource (3) accountability deficits. Lack of resources and efficient policies to put things in place etc.
- Explain how urbanization brings economic growth and what are the concerns in this context in Indian scenario.
- What needs to be done?
Conclude with way forward.