Print Friendly, PDF & Email

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 06 June 2019

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 06 June 2019

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers.

How to Follow Secure Initiative?

How to Self-evaluate your answer? 

INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2019: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 

Tomorrow’s Static Topic: Role of civil services in a democracy.


General Studies – 2


Topic:Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian subcontinent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India).

1) What are a Rare Earth Minerals? Why are they strategically important? Discuss  their uses from strategic, developmental and environmental perspective.(250 words)

Livemint

Why this question:

China has threatened to curb the export of rare earth minerals to the US as the trade war between the world’s two largest economies escalates, The Asian country is the world’s largest producer and consumer of rare earth minerals. 

Key demands of the question:

With escalating tensions between US and China, and with china wanting to limit rare earth exports to the US, it becomes imperative for us to study and analyse the context.

Directive word

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

In a few introductory lines define Rare earth minerals – Rare earth elements (REE) are a group of seventeen chemical elements that occur together in the periodic table, 15 lanthanides (Z=57 through 71), Scandium and Yttrium..

Body

Discuss the following aspects in the answer:

  • What are rare earth minerals? Why are they called as rare earth minerals?
  • What is the significance of Rare Earth Elements (REE)?
  • Discuss its utility in terms of – defense, strategy environment etc.
  • Global Uses and Production of Rare Earth Elements
  • What are the issues involved?
  • Aspect of China? – why and what is the turf?

Conclusion

Conclude with their significance and what needs to be done to overcome the challenges involved therein.


Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

2) Discuss the objectives of Jan Shikshan Sansthans (JSS), In what way do you think it can successfully re-energize and reinvigorate vocational training and skill development aspects in the country?(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

The Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship has decided to waive off fee for SC/ST candidates who join vocational training under Jan Shikshan Sansthans (JSS).

Key demand of the question:

The answer must provide for an assessment of the program – Jan Shikshan Sansthans (JSS) and its contributions to vocational training and skill development.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

In a few lines explain the vocational training and skill development scenario of the country.

Body:

  • The answer must have a detailed discussion upon the salient features of the program;
  • Formerly under the Ministry of Human Resources Development, Jan Shikshan Sansthans was transferred to the Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship in 2018.
  • Jan Shikshan Sansthans (JSS) were established to provide vocational training to non-literate, neo-literate, as well as school dropouts by identifying skills as would have a market in the region of their establishment.
  • They were formerly known as Shramik Vidyapeeth.
  • The JSSs are unique, they link literacy with vocational skills and provide large doses of Life Enrichment Education (LEE) to the people.
  • They aim for convergence with other stakeholders in society. It is their endeavor to shape their beneficiaries into self-reliant and self-assured employees and entrepreneurs.
  • Then discuss in what way the approach in this program is different from others.
  • What can be the way forward.

Conclusion:

Conclude by reasserting significance of vocational training and skill development in the country.


Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health,

3) “Food-borne diseases is an increasing threat to human health which impede socio-economic development by straining health care systems and harming national economies, tourism and trade”. Critically analyse the statement.(250 words)

The hindu

 

Why this question:

According to World Health Organization (WHO), an estimated 600 million cases of food-borne diseases occur annually around the world.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must evaluate in detail the current scenario of food borne diseases, analyse the impact of the same human health.

Directive word:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer

Introduction:

In a few introductory lines bring out the significant points of the WHO findings.

Body:

Answers must discuss the following aspects:

  • Key findings in the report –
  • An estimated 600 million cases of food-borne diseases occur annually around the world. This translates into one in 10 people falling ill after eating contaminated food.
  • Children under 5 years of age carry 40% of the food-borne disease burden with 1,25,000 deaths every year.
  • Discuss in detail the impact of the above.
  • What needs to be done? What are the recommendations?

Conclusion –

Conclude with way forward that complying with global food standards, establishing effective regulatory food control systems, applying good agriculture practices and building capacities of consumers to make healthy food choices are some ways to ensure food safety.


Topic: Role of civil services in a democracy

4) ‘Civil Servants play key role in nation building’. Critically analyse the statement in the Indian context.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

The question is in straightforward and is about discussing the key role played by the civil servants in nation building.

Demand of the question:

This question seeks to examine the role played by civil servants , how they are critical to address the needs of a democracy like India with challenges that included corruption, crime, communalism and casteism.

Directive word:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyze, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

Start with brief introduction on role played by civil servants in a society.

Body

Discussion to the answer is direct and there is not much to deliberate. One must bring out the qualities of civil servants that make them centric to nation building. One has to detail upon the virtues they bring with them, the challenges they face to build the nation.

Conclusion

Conclude with inevitableness of Civil servants to the society.


Topic: Role of civil services in a democracy

5) Elaborate upon the specific challenges that the civil services face in a democracy also suggest what can be done to address such issues in detail. (250 words)

Governance by Lakshmikanth

Why this question:

The question is about discussing the challenges faced by civil servants.

Key demand of the question:

The question expects us to discuss the challenges faced by the civil servants.

Also suggest solutions as to how one can address these challenges.

Directive word:

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the  particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin with brief on role of civil services in a democracy.

Body:

Discuss the specific challenges that the civil services face in a democracy like:

  • Civil servants fall prey to political forces under threat or bribes.
  • They indulge in nepotism.
  • They are alienated from the public.
  • Frequent transfers prevent any real work.
  • Political interference prevents people from working sincerely.

Then move on to explain how these challenges can be addressed.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


General Studies – 3


Topic : Role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges.

6) Historically, privacy was almost implicit, because it was hard to find and gather information. But in the digital world, we need to have more explicit rules. Discuss the need to control social media and the associated challenges.(250 words)

Livemint

Why this question:

The article discusses the recent US government’s decision to press ahead with an antitrust probe against Big Tech firms has drawn the clout of these companies into the spotlight again. Investigators will put Facebook, Amazon, Apple and Google to scrutiny in an effort to check if they have abused their market dominance to stifle competition and hurt consumers.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must evaluate the need for controlling social media and the methods to ensure privacy concerns are addressed. One must explain how things have evolved historically with coming of the social media.

Directive word:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

In a few introductory lines highlight the role of social media, the context of security involved along with it.

Body:

In brief discuss –

  • Discuss how Social media is omnipresent in our lives and has a huge bearing on society and individuals.
  • Explain that about 1.49 billion people on average log onto Facebook daily; every second, on average, around 6,000 tweets are tweeted on Twitter; and since its inception, over 40 billion photographs have been posted on Instagram. This is evidence of the huge presence of social media in our lives.
  • Discuss the need for putting a control on the social media, why is it necessary and urgent.
  • Explain what are the challenges involved , how to overcome them.

Conclusion:

Conclude with what needs to be done, suggest way forward.  


General Studies – 4


Topic: Work culture, Quality of service delivery, emotional intelligence

7) “Emotional intelligence stands on the four pillars of self-awareness, self-management, social awareness and relationship management”. Elucidate. (250 words)

Ethics by lexicon

Livemint

Why this question:

The article discusses in detail the importance of emotional intelligence at the work place.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss why emotional intelligence is of prime importance at the workplace, how empathy can be more effective than anger at the professional level.

Directive word:

ElucidateGive a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

In a few introductory lines appreciate the need for Emotional intelligence at workplace.

Body:

  • Define – empathy and emotional intelligence
  • Discuss how emotional intelligence is necessary for the functioning at workplace, emotional intelligence as the ability to accurately perceive and manage your own emotions and understand and navigate those of others, thus enhancing your ability to influence, manage conflicts, lead others and build relationships.
  • Elucidate on the four pillars of self-awareness, self-management, social awareness and relationship management.
  • Provide for a case study/example to conclude better.

Conclusion:

Conclude by re asserting significance of such virtues.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

Subscribe to Blog via Email

Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.