- Important International institutions, agencies and fora, their structure, mandate.
Islamic Cooperation countries (OIC)
What to study?
For Prelims: IOC- key facts.
For Mains: India’s involvement in the organization, need, significance and challenges.
Context: The 14th summit of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) was held in Mecca, Saudi Arabia. The agenda of meeting was to address ‘current issues in Muslim world’ and ‘recent developments in a number of OIC member states.
About the OIC:
- Organisation of Islamic Cooperation is an international organization founded in 1969, consisting of 57 member states.
- It is the second largest inter-governmental organization after the United Nations.
- The organisation states that it is “the collective voice of the Muslim world” and works to “safeguard and protect the interests of the Muslim world in the spirit of promoting international peace and harmony“.
- The OIC has permanent delegations to the United Nations and the European Union.
- Permanent Secretariat is in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
- Like NAM again, the OIC is a toothless tigerwhen it comes to dealing with squabbles among member states.
Significance of OIC for India:
- OIC’s growing economic and energy interdependence with India has become important in recent times.
- That India has one of the world’s largest Muslim populations, of course, is the immediate explanation of the surprising invite for Swaraj to address the OIC.
Sources: the Hindu.