Topic: Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.
7) Gandhi always advocated the purity of means- with respect to that, do you think it is unethical for a military officer to mislead the enemy? Yes/No/Why? (250 words)
Why this question:
The question is about discussing the concept of Purity of means propounded by Mahatma Gandhi.
Key demand of the question:
Discussion should be based on the case of a military officer deciding to disguise the enemy, you must give a fair and balanced opinion.
Structure of the answer:
In a few introductory lines explain the concept of purity of means.
One must cover the following aspects in the answer –
Elucidate upon the idea of “Purity of means” as propounded by Mahatma Gandhi; that ‘means are as important as end’. The purity of means is to achieve an end result which tells us about our values and attitude. For instance Gandhiji adhered to the path of non-violence for achieving independence for India. But Gandhiji himself justified violence in Quit India movement when he saw no other alternative has been left. Thus ethics is contextual and situational.
Discuss how for a military officer, his highest moral duty would be to safeguard the national interest and ensure the survival of the state. As failing in the war would mean subordination of the country which would take away the people’s fundamental rights and push them towards impoverishment, therefore for a military officer winning a battle is more necessary even if he has to mislead the enemy.
Conclude with what should be the way forward.