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[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 29 May 2019

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 29 May 2019

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INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2019: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 

Tomorrow’s Static Topic: Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.


General Studies – 2


Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

1) Educational institutions have been the preserves of the upper caste and the rich. With affirmative action in the form of caste-based reservations, however this hegemony has been challenged to a significant extent often through harassment, disgrace and coercion. Critically analyse the statement in the light of recent incident of Mumbai doctor’s suicide owing to caste-based discrimination.(250 words)

Indianexpress

 

Why this question:

Recently a Mumbai Doctor committed suicide over alleged harassment by the seniors based on caste discrimination. In such a disturbing event it is important for us to examine the social issues deeply still present in our society.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the societal issues that still perpetuate in our society even today and the adverse implications it has on the country as a whole.

Directive word:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin with brief write up on the background of the case.

Body:

Discussion should include the following aspects –

Explain how educational institutions in India have long been a monopoly of the upper caste and the high standard society, explain that though through affirmative actions the downtrodden were and are given a chance such incidences only indicate the absence of acceptance of such steps even today.

Discuss what needs to be done to overcome the challenges involved?

Who are the stakeholders involved etc.s

Conclusion:

Conclude with significance of such schemes in the upliftment of the unorganized working class.


Topic : contributors to Indian freedom struggle.

2) Discuss the contributions of Vinayak Damodar Savarkar in the freedom movement of India. (250 words)

Reference

Why this question:

Swatantryaveer Vinayak Damodar Savarkar’s birth anniversary was celebrated yesterday thus it is important for us to analyse his contributions to Indian freedom struggle .

Demand of the question:

List the contributions of Vinayak Damodar Savarkar in Indian freedom struggle.

Directive word:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

Start with brief narration of his role in freedom struggle.

Body

Discuss the following points in detail:

  • Born on this day in 1883 near Nasik in Maharashtra, Vinayak Damodar Savarkar was popularly called Veer Savarkar.
  • Veer Savarkar was a freedom fighter . He called 1857 revolt as the first war of independence.
  • He founded the following Organizations: Abhinav Bharat Society and Free India Society.
  • He was also a member of India House. He was not the founder of Hindu Mahasabha, but he did serve as its president.
  • He opposed the Quit India struggle in 1942, calling it a “Quit India but keep your army” movement.
  • Savarkar endorsed the ideal of India as a Hindu Rashtra and is credited with developing the Hindu nationalist political ideology Hindutva.
  • He wrote the book” Joseph Mazzini- Biography and Politics.”
  • He published “The Indian War of Independence” about the Indian rebellion of 1857.

Conclusion

Conclude with significance of his contributions.


Topic: Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.

3) Discuss the significance of BIMSTEC in bridging South Asia and Southeast Asia. What is India’s stake in the region? Elaborate.(250 words)

Indianexpress

Why this question:

By inviting leaders from the BIMSTEC (Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation) countries, Kyrgyz Republic and Mauritius at his swearing-in ceremony on May 30, Prime Minister Narendra Modi has made a carefully calibrated diplomatic move that signals a major outreach to India’s neighborhood from the Bay of Bengal to Central Asia, as well as the Indian diaspora across the world.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the significance of BIMSTEC in bridging south Asia and Southeast Asia. And India’s stake in the region in detail.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly explain the mandate of BIMSTEC in general.

Body:

Body of the answer should discuss the following aspects:

  • Explain what is BIMSTEC?
  • Discuss why the region matters?
  • The Bay of Bengal is the largest bay in the world. Over one-fifth (22%) of the world’s population live in the seven countries around it, and they have a combined GDP close to $2.7 trillion.
  • Despite economic challenges, all the countries in the region have been able to sustain average annual rates of economic growth between 3.4% and 7.5% from 2012 to 2016.
  • The Bay also has vast untapped natural resources. One-fourth of the world’s traded goods cross the Bay every year.
  • India’s stake in the region in detail.
  • Conclude as to what can be the way ahead.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


Topic:  Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.

4) What is UN-Habitat programme? What are its objectives? Discuss with special emphasis on role played by India with respect to it.(250 words)

Reference

Why this question:

Question is straightforward and is about discussing the UN Habitat programme in detail. India has been elected to the Executive Board of the first UN-Habitat Assembly at the Plenary Session of the Assembly started on May 27, 2019 in Nairobi, Kenya. The special theme for the UN-Habitat Assembly is “Innovation for Better Quality of Life in Cities and Communities”.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss in detail the mandate, significance and objectives of the program and the role India has in it.

Directive word:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer

Introduction:

write a few introductory lines on what is the programme about.

Body:

Answers must discuss the following aspects :

  • What is it? It is the United Nations agency for human settlements and sustainable urban development.
  • Objectives: To promote socially and environmentally sustainable towns & cities with the goal of providing adequate shelter for all.
  • Parent agency: It report to the UN General Assembly. It is also a member of the United Nations Development Group.
  • What are its mandate?
  • Role played by India – past to present?

Conclusion –

Conclude with way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


Topic:  Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

5) The problem with the Indian economy is not “jobless” growth. It is the inadequacy and instability of incomes for millions. Critically Analyse.(250 words)

Livemint

Why this question:

The article discusses in detail the prevailing conditions of poverty amidst election promises made by prime Minister Modi stating there will be only two castes now: those who are poor and those who want to free them from poverty.

Key demands of the question:

The answer must analyse why there is poverty in our country and in what way it is not about the jobless growth in the country but about the instability in the incomes of the people.

Directive:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

In a few introductory lines explain the conditions of poverty in the country.

Body

The body of the answer has to capture the following aspects:

  • Discuss what you understand by jobless growth.
  • How is it related to poverty in India?
  • What makes Indian economy prone to jobless growth? what are the implications?
  • How is it not about joblessness but about income instability?
  • Take hints from the article to elaborate and conclude with significance.

Conclusion

Conclude with way forward.


Topic :  Citizen’s charter

6) What do you understand by the Citizen’s Charter? Highlight its importance in the Governance of developing nation like India?(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

Question is about discussing the  meaning and scope of citizen’s charter and then also discuss about its essential components while highlighting iits significance in governance systems.

Key demand of the question:

Analyse in detail the project and Significance of the project and how it can prove to be a significant turning points in the conservation efforts of such endangered animals.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

write a few introductory lines about the citizen’s charter. E.g Citizen’s Charter is a document which represents a systematic effort to focus on the commitment of the Organization towards its Citizens in respects of Standard of Services, Information, Choice and Consultation, Non-discrimination and Accessibility, Grievance Redress, Courtesy and Value for Money.

Body:

In brief discuss –

  • Start by discussing what is citizen’s charter?
  • Discuss its various components.
  • Explain how it can help in better governance of countries like India, explain using suitable examples.

Conclusion:

based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.


General Studies – 4


Topic: Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions.

7) Define trust and explain the natural outcome of having trust in a relationship. Use an example of a situation that a student may encounter in a professional institution to illustrate your point.(250 words)

Ethics by Lexicon publications

 

Why this question:

The question is straightforward and is about discussing the virtue of trust and its significance.

Key demand of the question:

Discussion should be about vital role that trust as a virtue has in a any relationship.

Directive word:

Elucidate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

In a few introductory lines explain what you understand by Trust.

Body:

Such questions are best explained with examples, use case study as demanded by the question and elaborate. Discuss the importance of Trust as a value centric to building key relations.

Conclusion:

Conclude with what should be the way forward.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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