Print Friendly, PDF & Email

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 28 May 2019

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 28 May 2019

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers.

How to Follow Secure Initiative?

How to Self-evaluate your answer? 

INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2019: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 

Tomorrow’s Static Topic: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or
affecting India’s interests.


General Studies – 1


Topic: Salient features of Indian Society, social issues.

1) Evaluate the role played by Conditional Cash Transfer schemes in successfully curbing child marriages and addressing gender inequality.(250 words)

The hindu

 

Why this question:

The article provides for a detailed analysis of interlinkages between conditional cash transfers and their role played in addressing gender inequality with special focus on how they curb child marriages.

Key demands of the question:

The answer must briefly discuss what are conditional cash transfers, their key role in alleviating poverty.

Directive:

EvaluateWhen you are asked to evaluate, you have to pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidences.  You have to appraise the worth of the statement in question. There is scope for forming a personal opinion here.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

In a few introductory lines explain what are conditional cash transfer schemes.

Body

The answer must explain the following aspects:

  • In what way conditional cash transfers address poverty and other social issues?
  • Problems and causes of child marriage – The reasons for child marriage, a social problem, range from usual factors of poverty, illiteracy and age-old cultural norms to apprehensions about early sexual activity (of adolescent girl in particular), elopement and marriage ‘outside the caste’. For some, early marriage is the resolution of the ‘problem of modernity and mobility’ of young women.
  • Explain in what way conditional cash transfers can empower women?
  • Discuss case studies of – Kalyan Lakshmi and Shaadi Mubarak schemes etc.
  • Explain what are the consequences of it on the society.

Conclusion

Conclude with what more is needed to be done to overcome such a social issue.


General Studies – 2


Topic:  Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.

2) Discuss the possible Foreign policy challenges awaiting India, as great power rivalry aggravates in international politics bringing disruptions for India at bilateral and regional level. (250 words)

Economictimes

Why this question:

The article discusses in detail the effect of current trends of rivalry between different countries across the world that India will face.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss in detail the context, current rivalry that is aggravating the tensions between countries say like that of China and America. One has to discuss in detail impact of such turfs on India.

Directive word:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

In a few introductory lines explain the statement in the question.

Body:

Body of the answer must discuss in detail the current trends of Indian foreign policy, what are the repercussions of international politics that may bring disruptions and challenges to Indian bilateral relations with other countries. Discuss specific key areas of concerns like – Sino- American trade wars, India’s another challenge would be to balance between its Indo-Pacific and Eurasian strategies. Issues of south Asia etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with what should be the way forward.


Topic: Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.

3) who is an independent candidate in the elections of India? Discuss the issues associated with independent candidates and their contestations in the elections. Are they unimportant for political representation? Critically analyse.(250 words)

Hindustantimes

 

Why this question:

The question is around the fact that Independent candidates are often deemed ‘frivolous’ or ‘spoilers’ by mainstream political figures and authorities, although there is little to no evidence on their effect on elections. It is often found that independent candidates decrease the chances that a Lok Sabha constituency elects a member of the party or coalition that forms the national government. It suggests that participation by independents has a high price – a lesser role for the constituency in policymaking.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss who is an independent candidate? Role in deciding election results, pros and cons what are the general recommendation by various committees about it like the law commission report etc.

Directive word:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer

Introduction:

write a few introductory lines explain who is an independent candidate in an election.

Body:

Answer should have the following dimensions covered:

  • Role of independent candidates in elections of India.
  • How do they effect the results?
  • Should independents be discouraged from participating as candidates in elections? –  results for voter turnout and the distribution of vote shares are also consistent with the idea that independents give voters better opportunities to express their preferences.
  • This can improve political representation, as independents are free from the dictates of a party line, and have the flexibility to represent local preferences in a way that party-affiliated candidates often do not. To answer the question of whether independents should be discouraged, we would need to know if these advantages are outweighed by the disadvantages of not electing candidates from the governing party, or coalition of parties, that forms the national government.
  • What needs to be done?

Conclusion –

Conclude with significance and what should be the way forward.


Topic : Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/ or affecting India’s interests.

4) With the help of Forums like SAARC/ other alternative measures, how can India help build a cohesive south Asia? comment. (250 words)

 

Why this question:

The question straightforward and is about discussing efforts that can be made to build a cohesive South Asia.

Demand of the question:

The answer must discuss in detail the possible methods and efforts that can be made to build a stronger and cohesive South Asia.

Directive:

Commenthere we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Introduction:

Start by highlighting the importance of the region.

Structure of the answer:

Body:

The answer should focus on the aspects of regional integration of south Asia,

In terms of economy, societies, culture etc. discuss the role of measures like SAARC and other regional groupings in addressing the same.

Move on to explain the possible challenges, hurdles and how one can address them.

Conclusion:

Conclude with what should be the way ahead.

 


General Studies – 3


Topic:  Energy, mobilization of resources, growth, development

5) What have been the major reasons for the development of solar energy in India despite its high potential? Discuss the achievements so far and challenges in harnessing it. What should be the way forward.(250 words)

 

Why this question:

The question is about analyzing why is scope of producing solar energy so high in India with potential being one factor there are other factors too that push the development of Solar energy.

Key demand of the question:

Answer must discuss the causative factors of developing solar energy in India in detail.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

In a few introductory lines state some facts/statistics related to solar energy production in India.

Body:

In brief discuss the following factors:

  • Why is scope of producing solar energy so high in India? – India has tremendous scope of generating solar energy. The geographical location of the country stands to its benefit for generating solar energy. The reason being India is a tropical country and it receives solar radiation almost throughout the year, which amounts to 3,000 hours of sunshine.
  • Quote reasons apart from these above major factors – power requirements, dependency, export etc.
  • Discuss the achievements so far.
  • Issues and concerns associated
  • What needs to be done?

Conclusion:

Conclude with significance of solar power to India.


General Studies – 4


TopicRole of ethics

6) Ethics is the cornerstone of effective, efficient, democratic governance. Comment.(250 words)

Ethics by Lexicon publications

 

Why this question:

The question is straightforward and is about discussing the role of ethics in effective, efficient democratic governance.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss in detail how ethics is critical to governance.

Directive:

Commenthere we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

In a few introductory lines discuss the significance of ethics in Governance.

Body:

The body of the answer should be best explained with relevant examples justifying the role of ethics in governance, how ethics is key to effective, efficient systems that can lead to good governance ultimately.

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance of ethics in Public services.


Topic:   Ethics

7) ‘Wherever law ends, tyranny begins.’ Elucidate the statement with its relevance to our country.(250 words)

Ethics by Lexicon Publications

Epw

Why this question:

The question is based on the statement famously given by philosopher John Locke.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss in detail how tyranny and law are interrelated.

Directive:

ElucidateGive a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

In a few introductory lines suggest the importance of law.

Body:

Discuss in detail role played by law in a society/country.

Why is law critical to a region?

In what way it controls tyranny? Quote some recent examples here to justify.

Explain what needs to be done to end tyranny and strengthen law.

Conclusion:

Conclude with significance of law.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

Subscribe to Blog via Email

Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.