Print Friendly, PDF & Email

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 25 May 2019

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 25 May 2019

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers.

How to Follow Secure Initiative?

How to Self-evaluate your answer? 

INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2019: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 

Tomorrow’s Static Topic: Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, biotechnology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.


General Studies – 1


Topic: . Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.

1)“The conditions of urban poor women are more appalling than their rural counterparts.” Analyse with suitable justifications.(250 words)

Reference

Vikaspedia

Why this question:

The question is about discussing and differentiating the conditions of Urban poor women with those of rural counterparts.

Key demands of the question:

The answer must briefly discuss how the conditions of women are different and rather more deplorable for Women of Urban areas in India in comparison with those of rural areas.

Directive:

Commenthere we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

In a few introductory lines explain the general conditions of women in India.

Body

The answer must explain the following aspects:

  • What are the conditions of women (poor) in urban India vs rural India?
  • Why is the condition more appalling in urban regions?
  • Discuss the causes of the above – societal, political and economic aspects.
  • Explain what are the consequences of such a disparity.

Conclusion

Conclude with what needs to be done to overcome such a issue.


General Studies – 3


Topic:   Environment, climate change

2) “India’s climate adaptation needs are high but also diverse given the bio-geographic and climate variations.” Discuss.(250 words)

Reference

 

Why this question:

The article discusses in detail the case of Climate change knowledge management in India.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must evaluate how India’s climate adaptation needs are high but also diverse, given the bio-geographic and climate variations.

Directive word:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

In a few introductory lines explain what you understand by the question; climate change knowledge, its application in India.

Body:

Body of the answer to capture the following dimensions:

  • What is Knowledge management? – Knowledge management is an important component in technical assistance programmes on climate change, which aims to capture good practices for feeding into development policies and programmes and support capacity building.
  • What is the Indian case? – the bio-geographic and climate variations from the coasts to the Himalayan mountain ranges, and average annual rainfall pattern varying from 300 to 3,000 millimeter (mm). Explain that There is a deficiency of knowledge products on climate change impacts, vulnerability assessment and cost-effective adaptation and resilience planning.
  • Highlight what are the policies in this direction? – National Mission on Strategic Knowledge on Climate Change, what are the mission objectives etc.
  • Discuss what needs to be done?

Conclusion:

Conclude with what should be the way forward.


TopicAwareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

3) What do you understand by blockchain technology? Evaluate its prospects and challenges.(250 words)

The hindubuisnessline

Why this question:

Blockchain technology has been in news for quite a time now. The technology is not only revolutionary but also foundational in the sense other systems/ applications can be built on it.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss

Directive word:

EvaluateWhen you are asked to evaluate, you have to pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidences.  You have to appraise the worth of the statement in question. There is scope for forming a personal opinion here.

Structure of the answer

Introduction:

write a few introductory lines on the importance of a such remarkable technologies.

Body:

    • Answer should have the following dimensions covered:
    • Discuss the concept of blockchain Technology -The blockchain is an incorruptible digital ledger of economic transactions that can be programmed to record not just financial transactions but virtually everything of value.
    • Enlist the possible applications of blockchain Technology in economic, societal and political spheres.
    • Discuss the associated challenges, and how one can overcome it and bring its prospects to use.

Conclusion –

Conclude with significance and what should be the way forward.


Topic: Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

4) What is cyber-crime? what types of cyber security threats are being witnessed by the world today? Explain India’s attempts to tackle these issues. (250 words)

Reference

 

Why this question:

The paper covers in detail the concept of Cyber security, its types and the steps India is taking in this direction.

Key demand of the question:

Answer must discuss the concept of cyber-crime, issues posed by it and the efforts by India to tackle such issues.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

In a few introductory lines highlight what you understand by cyber-crime.

Body:

In brief discuss the following aspects:

  • What do you mean cyber-crime?
  • three major categories of cyber-crimes? – Crimes Against People, Crimes Against government, crime against property.
  • How is cybercrime committed?
  • What are cyber laws in India?
  • Discuss significance of policies and laws in this direction like the IT Act etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


Topic: Disaster and Disaster Management.

5) “There have been numerous fire accidents this year causing significant loss of life and property. While the government and other regulatory bodies have prescribed norms and fire safety measures, implementation and vigilance continue to be grave concern.” Critically analyse.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

At least 20 students were killed, either due to suffocation or falling off the windows in an attempt to escape fire in a coaching centre blaze, in Surat yesterday. Such a disturbing incident necessitates us to take a look at the fire safety aspects of the country and the lacunae therein.

Demand of the question:

The answer must  discuss the issues involved and causes for such recurrent fatal fire incidents and the need for overhaul of measures and norms in place to overcome such disasters.

Directive:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

The answer to the question must have the following parts:

  • Quote the recent incidences that were witnessed.
  • Discuss how such fatal fire incidents necessitates a relook at the current rule, regulations and norms that are almost defunct in practice and corrective measures for the same.
  • Discuss who all are vulnerable to it, stakeholders involved.
  • What needs to be done to overcome the alarming issue?
  • Discuss the institutional mechanisms, health and disaster management aspect of both life and property.

Conclusion:

Conclude with what should be the way ahead.


General Studies – 4


Topic: Ethical dilemma based case.

6) “I would always support my country, whether it was right or wrong”. Do you support this statement and give reasons for your stand?(250 words)

Ethics by Lexicon publications

 

Why this question:

The question is to address the ethical dilemma an individual face with respect to the personal duty vs duty towards country.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must analyse the statement based on merits and provide for a balanced opinion.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

In a few introductory lines suggest importance of duty towards country at the cost of individual interests and cases otherwise.

Body:

The question is to address the ethical dilemma an individual face with respect to the personal duty vs duty towards country and the point of being right or wrong with respect to the same.

One has to establish such ethical dilemmas, conflicts witnessed with suitable examples.  Based on example form a fair and balanced opinion and conclude with an approach that addresses both the parts of the statement.

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance of such contributors to the society.


Topic:  case study based on ethics.

7) Military action that defies international law is sometimes justified. Justify the statement with help of examples.(250 words)

Ethics by Lexicon Publications

Why this question:

The question is to reflect upon the military actions that are taken at times to justify certain situations though they defy the common internationally accepted laws and norms.

Key demand of the question:

The answer should discuss nuances of military actions that are at times taken by countries though they defy international law.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

In a few introductory lines state the context of question.

Body:

The answer must provide for an explanation as to why an action – Military or any powerful action at times defying the natural course of action that confers to the international norms, rules and regulations is justified.

One can quote examples of recent Indian surgical airstrikes on Pakistan etc.

Students must ensure the opinion stated is fair and balanced one. Such examples are must to justify the answer well.

Conclusion:

Suggest what needs to be done, how best situations can be handled.

 



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

Subscribe to Blog via Email

Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.