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[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 24 May 2019

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 24 May 2019

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers.

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INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2019: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 

Tomorrow’s Static Topic: Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, biotechnology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.


General Studies – 2


Topic:  Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act. Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.

1) An Election commissioner is a watch dog but not a blood hound. comment with decided cases. (250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

The article captures the dissenting turf facing the election commission of India.

Key demands of the question:

The answer must briefly discuss how the election commission is a watch dog of democracy and not a blood hound.

Directive:

Commenthere we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

In a few introductory lines explain the background/context of the question.

Body

The answer must explain first the issues facing the election commission of India. Highlight the details of the controversy.

Explain  how election commissioner Ashok Lavasa wrote thrice to Chief Election Commissioner Sunil Arora on the issue.

The Election Commissioner was also reminded of the current legal position that, in non-quasi-judicial matters, dissenting notes were not included in the orders.

Discuss the effects of the above on the powers and functions of the ECI and how that makes ECI only a watchdog and not a blood hound.

Conclusion

Conclude with way forward.


TopicIssues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

2) What are the bottlenecks in the delivery of nutrition interventions to pregnant women in India?  Discuss more so specifically with respect to Maternal nutrition and suggest solutions to tackle the same. (250 words)

epw

 

Why this question:

The article discusses in detail the issues surrounding maternal nutrition interventions in India. The article emphasizes on how Maternal nutrition is important due to its critical and complex association with women’s well-being and implications for child development.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must evaluate the bottlenecks in the delivery of nutrition to the women facing maternal malnourishment. One has to suggest solutions to address such maternal and child undernutrition prevalent and analyse the failures of the past and present mechanisms trying to address the situation.

Directive word:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

In a few introductory lines explain what you understand by maternal nutrition.

Body:

  • Body of the answer to capture the following dimensions:
  • Importance of Maternal nutrition to women’s well-being and implications for child development.
  • Quote facts to highlight the issue. ( from NFHS-4 etc.)
  • Discuss what are the issues currently associated with nutrition intervention schemes and policies? Why are they failing? – Access to prenatal and postnatal care is limited, lack of budgets for nutrition interventions, delay in fund releases and shortage of staff and infrastructure against sanctions/norms, and qualitative evidence etc.
  • Then move on to suggest an analysis as to what needs to be done? How can one overcome these challenges?
  • What kind of overhaul is required etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with what should be the way forward.


General Studies – 3


Topic:   Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

3)  Evaluate the provisions of the Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) Policy in India. What are the challenges being faced by it? Suggest measures needed to ensure transparency and enhance protection of the same.(250 words)

The hindubuisnessline

 

Why this question:

The article highlights the urgent need the to address Intellectual Property (IP) concerns. Over the past year, India took steps to address intellectual property challenges and promote IP protection and enforcement. However, many of the actions have not yet translated into concrete benefits for innovators and creators, and long-standing deficiencies persist. India remains one of the world’s most challenging major economies with respect to protection and enforcement of IP.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss in detail the salient features of the current IPR policy of India and what are the challenges it faces and what measures are required to take it further.

Directive word:

EvaluateWhen you are asked to evaluate, you have to pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidences.  You have to appraise the worth of the statement in question. There is scope for forming a personal opinion here.

Structure of the answer

Introduction:

write a few introductory lines on the importance of a robust IPR policy.

Body:

  • Answer should have the following dimensions covered:
  • Discuss what is an IPR policy? What are the salient features of India’s IPR regime?
  • Explain the specific issues associated, Why India is lagging behind?
  • What needs to be done?
  • Way forward.

Conclusion –

Conclude with significance and what should be the way forward.


TopicAwareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

4) Explain the role played by robotics and its application to the agriculture sector of the country. What are its future prospects? How far can Indian agriculture foresee mechanization of agriculture for its growth?(250 words)

Reference

Why this question:

The article discusses in detail the application and role played by the robotics in the upbringing of Agri sector in India. The paper discusses in detail scope of robotics and mechanization it brings to Agriculture in India.

Key demand of the question:

Answer must discuss the role of robotics and prospect of it in Indian agriculture and mechanization and automation of the same.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

In a few introductory lines highlight the context of the question.

Body:

In brief discuss the following aspects:

  • Current scenario of agriculture in India in comparison with other countries that have developed agriculture systems like US, Iran etc.
  • Discuss how robotics can be applied to agrarian systems? What benefits it has and can bring?
  • Explain the specific case of India.
  • Discuss the scope and benefits in detail.
  • Explain the challenges involved.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


Topic:  Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

5) According to a new study released by the World Resources Institute (WRI), India’s forest cover stands at 21% against global standard of 33.3%. critically analyse the alarming situation of India’s declining forest cover. What needs to be done?(250 words)

Indiatimes

Why this question:

The question is to debate the current alarming conditions of forest cover in India.

Demand of the question:

The answer must explain the current conditions of the forest cover, reasons that have lead to the decline and suggestions as to what should be the way forward to tackle the alarming issue.

Directive:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

The answer to the question must have the following parts:

  • Quote the report and facts of it – World Resources Institute (WRI), India’s forest cover stands at 21% against global standard of 33.3%.
  • Discuss what are the reasons causing the decline in the forest cover?
  • What are its consequences?
  • What needs to be done to overcome the alarming issue?

Conclusion:

Conclude with what should be the way ahead.


General Studies – 4


Topic: Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.

6) Write a note on reformers and administrators who are role models for inculcating values.(250 words)

Ethics by Lexicon publications

 

Why this question:

The question is from the static portions of the syllabus. It is about discussing the role played by reformers and administrators who have set themselves in the society as role models by upholding true ethos and values in the society.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the contributions made by reformers and administrators in the society to the society and how their values stand tall as role model to others and inspire others in taking them forward.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

In a few introductory lines suggest importance of such reformers and administrators to the good and well-being of the society.

Body:

The answer is direct in approach, one has to highlight the significance of reformers and good administrators, role played by the them in the society.

Discuss in detail what makes them different; their values, moral and ethics and how they play a crucial role in the society.

Quote examples of famous administrators and reformers from the history to the contemporary times, highlight their contributions and substantiate your answer.

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance of such contributors to the society.


Topic:  case study based on ethics.

7) Mention two unethical practices in society today and suggest a sustainable solution to each.(250 words)

Ethics by Lexicon Publications

Why this question:

The question is to bring out the unethical practices in the society that are prevalent even today.

Key demand of the question:

The answer should bring out two specific examples from day to day life highlighting the presence of unethical practices and then suggest solutions to overcome such situations.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

In a few introductory lines state what are ethical and unethical practices. How do they impact a society.

Body:

The answer to such questions can be put across in many ways, students must quote two unethical practices prevalent or commonly seen in today’s societies – it can vary from corruption scandals, nepotism, bribery, corruption in medicine, fraudulent policies etc.

Also, one must suggest solutions to overcome such unethical practices.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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