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[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 23 May 2019

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 23 May 2019

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers.

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INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2019: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 

Tomorrow’s Static Topic: Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and
developing new technology.


General Studies – 2


Topic:   Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

1) Discuss in detail the doctrine of hot pursuit which emerged as an exception to the fundamental principle of freedom of the high seas. (250 words)

The hindu

 

Why this question:

Recently Heroin worth ₹600 crore were seized after an Indian Coast Guard ship intercepted the Pakistan fishing vessel Al-Madina off Gujarat. The article discusses in detail the significance of the concept of Hot pursuit amidst such a scenario.

Key demand of the question:

Answer must discuss the concept in detail , its significance to the fundamental principle of freedom of the high seas — the rights of vessels of all nations to navigate freely on the high seas.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

In a few introductory lines highlight the context of the question.

Body:

  • In brief discuss what Doctrine of hot pursuit? The doctrine of hot pursuit emerged as an exception to the fundamental principle of freedom of the high seas — the rights of vessels of all nations to navigate freely on the high seas.
  • Zone of hot pursuit: Contagious to this zone is the zone of hot pursuit, and it extends up to 24 nautical miles. Any infringement of customs, sanitary, immigration and fiscal regulations in the contagious zone can also attract punishment from coastal states.
  • At a time when smuggling and piracy were rampant, this customary doctrine emerged to empower a coastal state to pursue on to the high seas a vessel that had violated its laws within its waters.
  • Decades later, this customary doctrine was codified in the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of High Seas.
  • Apart from imposing procedural restrictions, the Convention clearly spelt out that the right of hot pursuit ceases as soon as the ship pursued enters the territorial sea of its own country or a third state.
  • Over the years, some countries have sought to introduce an expanded doctrine of hot pursuit on land, to justify the breaches of territorial sovereignty of foreign states as part of the ongoing pursuit of offenders.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


TopicIndia and its neighborhood- relations.

2) Discuss in detail the issue of displacement of Rohingya community. What are controversies associated and highlight role of India in addressing the issue. (250 words)

The hindu

 

Why this question:

The article discusses the case of Rohingya repatriation in detail. It narrates briefly the issue on a broader picture, causes and its consequences with special emphasis on India’s role in the scenario.

Key demands of the question:

The answer must briefly discuss issues associated with displacement of Rohingya community, the challenges it is posing in the region and the key role India has to the issue.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

In a few introductory lines explain the background/context of the question.

Body

The body of the answer has to capture the following aspects:

  • Discuss who are Rohingyas and what is the issue? – They are an Ethnic group, mostly Muslims. They were not granted full citizenship by Myanmar. They were classified as “resident foreigners or associate citizens”.
  • What are the Concerns with regard to these Illegal Migrants? – The Myanmar Government says that Rohingya people are not Burmese citizens – but the Rohingya have been living in Myanmar for generations. Today, they are a people with no home or citizenship.
  • Rohingya people are being widely abused and exploited. They are one of the most persecuted minorities in the world.
  • Discuss the Rohingya crisis and Implications for the Region.
  • India’s role and stand on the issue.

Conclusion

Conclude with way forward.


Topic: Security challenges and their management in border areas.

3)  Evaluate the major shortcomings in India’s national security architecture. Suggest measures to overcome these shortcomings with respect to the key recommendations made by D.S. Hooda’s document. (250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

The article highlights the urgent need for a blueprint for national security strategy for India.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss in detail the major shortcoming of National security in India. What measures can be taken to address these issues highlighting the need for a road map designing the national security agenda.

Directive word:

EvaluateWhen you are asked to evaluate, you have to pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidences.  You have to appraise the worth of the statement in question. There is scope for forming a personal opinion here.

Structure of the answer

Introduction:

write a few introductory lines on the importance of national security.

Body:

  • Answer should have the following dimensions covered:
  • Discuss the need for formulating a national security strategy for India.
  • What are the major shortcomings in India’s national security architecture that must be addressed?
  • key national security institutions and revamp their functioning.
  • Role of National Security Adviser with respect to accountability and legal formality.
  • Significant features of Hooda document.
  • Way forward.

Conclusion –

Conclude with significance and what should be the way forward.


General Studies – 3


Topic:    Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.

4) What do you understand by Biotherapeutic medicines? Elaborate on the need for guidelines to regulate the accessibility and affordability of this new class of medicines. (250 words)

The hindu

 

Why this question:

The article discusses in detail upon the need for revision of guidelines for Biotherapeutic medicines.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss in detail what are Biotherapeutic medicines, why is there a need to revise the guidelines for the same and what needs to be done.

Directive word:

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

In a few introductory lines explain what are Biotherapeutic medicines.

Body:

  • Biotherapeutic medicines, also known as biologics, are produced through biological processes and differ from the older generation small-molecule medicines that are derived through chemical synthesis.
  • What are the issues surrounding it? – pricing, manufacturing, access, affordability, regulations etc.
  • Discuss what needs to be done?
  • Explain the Indian industry scenario.

Conclusion:

Conclude with what should be the way forward.


Topic :Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.

5) What is gene editing, should it be allowed? Give your opinion while you weigh the associated pros and cons.(250 words)

 

Why this question:

The question is to evaluate the pros and cons of the concept of gene editing.

Demand of the question:

The answer must explain the concept of gene editing and evaluate the ethical angle involved, one must assess the merits and demerits of the same.

Structure of the answer:

The answer to the question must have the following parts:

  • Gene editing or genome editing, involves the insertion, deletion, or replacement of DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) in a gene.
  • Discuss the pros and cons; pros – use in cure of cancer, genetic diseases, drug research, Agriculture- pest resilient crops etc.
  • What are the disadvantages associated? – ethical aspect, scope to be used in bio weapons, unknown diseases etc.
  • Then move on to discuss whether it should be allowed? Opine that should be encouraged to enhance the advancements in field of science and improve the standard of living of people etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with what should be the way ahead.


Topic:  Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life

6) “The fear of AI and autonomous machines as a threat to humanity is misguided.” Critically analyse the statement with respect to the Indian Scenario.(250 words)

Livemint

Why this question:

The article captures effects of digitization on Jobs, it critically analyses whether Artificial intelligence and autonomous machines create or take away Jobs of humans.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must debate about the consequences of AI and machines on current Jobs and employment scenario.

Directive:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

In a few introductory lines quote some relevant facts to highlight the mixed effect of AI and machines on jobs and employments as of now.

Body:

  • First discuss how artificial intelligence (AI) and robotics are being seen to replace human beings in all kinds of jobs.
  • Discuss the past Industrial revolutions; how they only improved the Jobs and never failed employment scenario in terms of mass jobs, better technology etc.
  • The more likely scenario is humans and robots working in harmony. AI expands the potential of humans. Humans will learn value-added tasks, while self-learning robots pick up new skills on their own.
  • Digitalization will transform work with people having higher qualification and competence profiles but won’t replace it: people will always be indispensable. Digitalization will create more jobs than it takes away.
  • Have a section discussing Indian scenario – what needs to be done?
  • Conclude with way forward.

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance of a balance between the two.


General Studies – 4


Topic: Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration.

7) Examine the relevance of Probity and Integrity to civil services. Justify your answer using a suitable case study. (250 words)

Ethics by Lexicon publications

 

Why this question:

The question is from the static portions of the syllabus, it aims to evaluate the significance of virtues – probity and Integrity to civil services.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss what you understand by probity and integrity? What is its relevance and significance to civil services?

Directive:

ExamineWhen asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

In a few introductory lines suggest importance of such virtues to civil services.

Body:

The answer must have the following points of discussions:

  • What is probity in ethics? – Probity is the evidence of ethical behaviour in a particular process. For Government employees and agencies, maintaining probity involves more than simply avoiding corrupt or dishonest conduct. It involves applying public sector values such as impartiality, accountability and transparency.
  • What is Integrity? – Integrity is following strong moral principles while Probity of having strong moral principle.
  • Their importance to civil services?

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance of such virtues to civil servants.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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