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6) “The fear of AI and autonomous machines as a threat to humanity is misguided.” Critically analyse the statement with respect to the Indian Scenario.(250 words)

Topic:  Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life

6) “The fear of AI and autonomous machines as a threat to humanity is misguided.” Critically analyse the statement with respect to the Indian Scenario.(250 words)

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Why this question:

The article captures effects of digitization on Jobs, it critically analyses whether Artificial intelligence and autonomous machines create or take away Jobs of humans.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must debate about the consequences of AI and machines on current Jobs and employment scenario.

Directive:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

In a few introductory lines quote some relevant facts to highlight the mixed effect of AI and machines on jobs and employments as of now.

Body:

  • First discuss how artificial intelligence (AI) and robotics are being seen to replace human beings in all kinds of jobs.
  • Discuss the past Industrial revolutions; how they only improved the Jobs and never failed employment scenario in terms of mass jobs, better technology etc.
  • The more likely scenario is humans and robots working in harmony. AI expands the potential of humans. Humans will learn value-added tasks, while self-learning robots pick up new skills on their own.
  • Digitalization will transform work with people having higher qualification and competence profiles but won’t replace it: people will always be indispensable. Digitalization will create more jobs than it takes away.
  • Have a section discussing Indian scenario – what needs to be done?
  • Conclude with way forward.

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance of a balance between the two.

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