Print Friendly, PDF & Email

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 21 May 2019

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 21 May 2019

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers.

How to Follow Secure Initiative?

How to Self-evaluate your answer? 

INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2019: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 

Tomorrow’s Static Topic: Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in
everyday life.

 


General Studies – 2


Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health. Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development.

1) Elaborate on the nature of corruption in healthcare systems in India. How do you think India can cure corruption in healthcare systems? Critically analyse. (250 words)

epw

 

Why this question:

The article discusses in detail how the prevailing corruption conditions in the healthcare industry of India.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss in detail the issue of corruption in health industry, causes and consequences of it and measures to tackle the same.

Directive word:

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

In a few introductory lines explain with facts prevailing conditions of corruption in the health industry.

Body:

  • Highlight that corruption in the healthcare sector is old news. Almost everybody in the country has been a victim of some form of graft or malpractice—be it inflated bills, wrong diagnosis, or substandard treatment.
  • Discuss the incidences of corruption that are regularly witnessed –

Lack of ethics amongst health professional, cost cutting, lack of value to patients, lack of accountability etc.

  • What needs to be done?
  • Suggest measures to overcome – digitization, public private partnership in the healthcare industry, regulatory mechanisms etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with what should be the way forward.


Topic:  Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive, Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.

2) What is a coalition government what is its impact on Indian politics? Do you agree Coalitions allow a diversity of voices to be heard, keep fundamentalism at bay? Critically analyse.(250 words)

Indianexpress

 

Why this question:

The article discusses how an absolute majority in favor of a political party has the tendency to threaten democratic values and in what way Coalitions allow a diversity of voices to be heard, keep fundamentalism at bay.

Key demands of the question:

The answer must briefly discuss the role of coalition politics in the present context. Discuss in detail the pros and cons of such a tool of democracy.

Directive:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

In a few introductory lines explain the background/context of the question.

Body

The body of the answer has to capture the following aspects:

  • What is coalition politics in India? – In a Parliamentary democracy, coalitions arise mainly as a result of political compulsion. conflicts. It may also be formed due to emergency. The policies that are adopted by the coalition government are made by the coalescing parties and merely finalized by the leader of the coalition.
  • What are the features of coalition government?
  • Examine is India Is Set to Return to Coalition Politics?
  • Then move on to evaluate the merits and demerits of the Coalition govt.
  • Take cues from the article to justify the significance of such a democratic tool.

Conclusion

Conclude with way forward.


TopicIndia and its neighborhood- relations.

3) Indian Ocean is an “ocean of economic opportunities” for India. Comment. (250 words)

The hindu

 

Why this question:

The Indian Ocean is a valuable source of fishing and mineral resources. The Indian Ocean basin is of particular importance for India, as the region’s most populous country and geopolitical keystone. Thus it is important for us to examine its significance for India.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must evaluate the importance Indian ocean holds for our country – economically and geopolitically.

Directive word:

Commenthere we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin with brief background, narrating the significance of Indian ocean.

Body:

Discussion should include the following aspects –

  • Quote some facts related to the Indian ocean, asserting its proximity to India vis-à-vis its high importance for the country. The Indian Ocean covers at least one fifth of the world’s total ocean area.
  • It is bounded by Africa and the Arabian Peninsula (known as the western Indian Ocean), India’s coastal waters (the central Indian Ocean), and the Bay of Bengal near Myanmar and Indonesia (the eastern Indian Ocean).
  • The Indian Ocean matters today, arguably more than ever. It is a major conduit for international trade, especially energy.
  • Its littoral is vast, densely populated, and comprised of some of the world’s fastest growing regions.
  • The Ocean is also a valuable source of fishing and mineral resources. The Indian Ocean basin is of particular importance for India, as the region’s most populous country and geopolitical keystone.
  • Narrate the significance of the region.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward signifying importance of IOR.


General Studies – 3


Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

4) Discuss in detail the crisis being faced by NBFCs in India? Suggest what measures need to be taken to resolve the same? (250 words)

Indianexpress

 

Why this question:

The article highlights the ripple effect of the NBFCs crisis on the Indian economy. Non-banking financial companies (NBFCs) are facing a crisis , it brings out the urgency with which RBI needs to urgently address the liquidity issues plaguing the NBFC sector.

Demand of the question:

The answer must explain what are NBFCs, their role and activities in the economy, what are the issues currently they are facing and what needs to be done to resolve it.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

The answer to the question is direct, one must explain in detail the issues being faced by NBFCs and what measures are needed to tackle the same.

The article captures both the dimensions, the students must take hints and structure the answer in detail.

Conclusion:

Conclude with what should be the way ahead.


TopicScience and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.

5) Evaluate the contributions of Nano technology to the health Industry.(250 words)

Reference

 

Why this question:

The article highlights a research at Indian Institute of Technology-Mandi about a multifunctional gold nanostructure that has been developed and can be used in cancer imaging and therapy.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss in detail the benefit that Nano technology has brought with it for the health industry.

Directive word:

EvaluateWhen you are asked to evaluate, you have to pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidences.  You have to appraise the worth of the statement in question. There is scope for forming a personal opinion here.

Structure of the answer

Introduction:

write a few introductory lines on role of technology in Health Industry.

Body:

Answers to the question is straightforward, one has to suggest the benefits brought in by the Nano technology, use suitable examples to justify and conclude with significant breakthrough that the technology has got for the healthcare industry.

Conclusion –

Conclude with significance.


Topic :  Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.

6) What do you understand by cloud computing? List down the Advantages and limitations of Cloud Computing.(250 words)

Reference

why this question:

The question is based on the concept of cloud computing and its application on daily life.

Key demand of the question:

Answer is straightforward and is about discussing the concept of cloud computing, one must discuss in detail What Is Cloud Computing? What are the benefits and applications of it.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

In a few introductory lines highlight the context of the question.

Body:

  • In brief discuss what is cloud computing? – Cloud computing is the delivery of different services through the Internet. These resources include tools and applications like data storage, servers, databases, networking, and software.
  • Cloud computing is named as such because the information being accessed is found remotely in the cloud or a virtual space. Companies that provide cloud services enable users to store files and applications on remote servers and then access all the data via the Internet. This means the user is not required to be in a specific place to gain access to it, allowing the user to work remotely.
  • Discuss types of cloud computing.
  • Give out – what are the key takeaways of cloud computing, merits and disadvantages if any.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


General Studies – 4


Topic   conscience as sources of ethical guidance

7) What do you understand by conscience? Do you think Conscience is driven by objective morality? Give your opinion with suitable justifications.(250 words)

Ethics by Lexicon publications

 

Why this question:

The question is based on the concept of conscience and its significance, one must analyse whether it is driven by objective morality or not.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must debate about relationship of morality and conscience and how conscience is not driven by objective morality , as morality is subjective when it comes to evaluating conscience.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

In a few introductory lines explain what you understand by conscience.

Body:

  • Conscience is the part of your mind that tells you whether what you are doing is morally right or wrong. In short, conscience is a term which we use to denote the inner mind.
  • Bring out the different approaches of philosphers on the concept of conscience. Explain that Conscience is a faculty of the mind that motivates us to act morally—or at least according to our most deeply held values.
  • Thus conscience is a not a objective morality, since it is obvious that two people’s consciences or religions can dictate opposing moralities—such as pro-choice and pro-life in abortion debate
  • Conscience is necessary trait of character for public functionaries for ensuring ethical action in the spheres where there are no legal obligation upon them to act in a particular way.  

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

Subscribe to Blog via Email

Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.