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[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 18 May 2019

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 18 May 2019

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INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2019: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 

Tomorrow’s Static Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating
to Health, Education, Human Resources.


General Studies – 1


Topic: Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.

1) Discuss in detail the contributions made by Vinayak Damodar Savarkar Indian freedom struggle.(250 words)

Hindustantimes

Why this question:

Amidst the election season of 2019, National heroes have come to be vilified for petty political gain and Vinayak Damodar Savarkar was in the narrative too. Thus, its important for us to discuss his contributions.

Key demands of the question:

The answer must discuss in detail the contributions made by made by Vinayak Damodar Savarkar Indian freedom struggle.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

In a few introductory lines present the character of Vinayak Damodar Savarkar.

Body

The answer is straightforward and there is not much deliberation here. One must narrate the significant role played by Vinayak Damodar Savarkar in the anticolonial struggle and nationalism.

  • He was a staunch patriot and was attracted to radical views and movements.
  • He established the Free India Society to organise students to fight for India’s independence through a revolution. He declared, “we want absolute independence.”
  • He authored a book “The History of the War of Indian Independence” in which he described the Indian Revolt of 1857 and referred to the British rule as unjust and oppressive. He became one of the first persons to allude to this revolt as India’s ‘first war of independence’. This book was banned in India but its secret publication and distribution was done.
  • He is credited with coining the term ‘Hindutva’. He turned towards creating a Hindu national identity. He stressed on the unity of all Hindus and also talked about Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism as one with Hindu. He is regarded as a controversial figure today because of his ideology of a ‘Hindu Rashtra’. Despite this, he was an atheist and a rationalist.
  • He also initiated the reconversion of those Hindus who had converted to other religions.
  • He became the president of the Hindu Mahasabha from 1937 to 1943.
  • He was hostile to Gandhi, especially for his Khilafat Movement which he described as ‘appeasement’.
  • Etc.

Conclusion

Conclude by reasserting the significant role played by him in the freedom struggle.


General Studies – 2


Topic:  Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

2) Discuss the promises and challenges of a bold experiment – Pradhan Mantri Jan Aarogya Yojana. (250 words)

Vikaspedia

Why this question:

The question is straightforward and is about discussing the nuances of – Pradhan Mantri Jan Aarogya Yojana.

Demand of the question:

The answer must explain in detail the challenges and benefits that – Pradhan Mantri Jan Aarogya Yojana has as a bold experiment in the health sector.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

The answer to the question is direct, one must explain in detail the salient features of the scheme, merits, demerits and analyse how the scheme is different from the previous ones, what difference has it brought for the healthcare system of the country.

Conclusion:

Conclude with what should be the way ahead.


Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

3) Discuss the major issues and challenges of education sector in India. also suggest solutions to bring an overhaul in the system.(250 words)

Reference

Why this question:

The question is straightforward and is about discussing the major issues and challenges of education sector in India.

Demand of the question:

The answer must explain in detail the major issues and challenges of education sector in India and one must also provide for solutions to bring change in the system.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

The answer must have the following broad dimensions:

  • What are the major issues facing the Indian education system? – Expenditure on, Gross enrolment pattern, Capacity utilization, Infrastructure facilities, PPP model, Student-teacher ratio, Accreditation and branding – quality standards, Students studying abroad etc.
  • What are the factors responsible for the above challenges?
  • Solutions to be in the following broad categories to resolve the issues – Innovations required, Quality of education, Making education affordable etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with what should be the way ahead.


Topic: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests

4) “India’s Act East policy remains the bedrock of the national Indo-Pacific vision and the centrality of ASEAN is embedded in the Indian narrative.”  Analyse.(250 words)

The hindu

 

Why this question:

The article captures a detailed discussion of significance of India’s Act East Policy and Engagement with ASEAN as a critical component to the national Indo-Pacific vision.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must evaluate the of significance of India’s Act East Policy and Engagement with ASEAN and in what way these two factors have become the driving factors for the India’s Indo pacific strategy.

Directive word:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyze, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin with brief background of the India’s Indo-pacific vision.

Body:

The answer must discuss the significance of India’s Act East Policy and Engagement with ASEAN, suggest how India’s ‘Look East Policy’ has become ‘Act East Policy’. Discuss the Indo -Pacific vision statement, its significance in detail. Take cues from the article.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


Topic: Mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

5) Discuss some of the common prejudices against reservation policies. Should reservation be based only on caste and not economic status?  Critically analyse. (250 words)

Epw

 

Why this question:

The article discusses in detail the general prejudices among people about reservation, that is how people often think Reservations in Education, Jobs based on caste is destroying talent base of India. One must present a critical analysis of whether reservation be based only on caste or also on economic status.

Demand of the question:

The question is about discussing the what are the general prejudices of the reservation system among public. The answer must present arguments for and against the system and argue to what extent it is a justified one.

Directive word:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyze, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

Start with brief introduction of background of the reservation system.

Body

Discuss the following points in detail:

  • Explain what are the prejudices about the affirmative actin of State – Losing out opportunities to the some undeserving and cast privileged minorities is a form of oppression too, loss of talent, collapse of merit based selection system etc.
  • Highlight that the Anti-discrimination laws and reservation policies were brought in to ensure that Scheduled Castes (SCs) and Scheduled Tribes (STs) are protected from discrimination in the spheres of employment, education and political representation. The idea was to not just improve their economic status, but to address the denial of rights and oppression meted out to these groups over the years, and to work towards rectifying their utter lack of representation in public office.
  • Discuss the merits and demerits of reservation based on economic status.
  • Explain how discrimination usually occurs on the basis of a group’s social and caste identity, irrespective of financial status.
  • Conclude by arguing for both the points – caste vs economical status and give your opinion.

Conclusion

Conclude with fair and balanced opinion.


General Studies – 3


Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development  – Agriculture.

6) What are Masala bonds? How do they work? Discuss the rationale behind them along with the pros and cons associated.(250 words)

Indianexpress

 

Why this question:

The state of Kerala became the first Indian state to tap into the market for masala bonds on Friday. Thus, it is important for us from exam point of view to ascertain into the concept of Masala Bonds.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss in detail the concept of Masala bonds, pros and cons associated with their utility.

Directive word:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer

Introduction:

write a few introductory lines by stating the background of the question.

Body:

Answers must discuss the following aspects :

  • What do you understand by Masala Bonds? – “Masala Bonds” are the 10 year off-shore rupee bonds issued by International Finance Corporation (IFC), a member of the World Bank group, in the international capital market in 2014, to raise funds for supporting private sector infrastructure development initiatives in India. Masala bonds are listed in London Stock Exchange. The term Masala bonds now extends to any rupee denominated bonds issued to overseas buyers even though RBI has not resorted to the use of this name in their guidelines.
  • Discuss their rationale – like any other off-shore bonds, are intended for those foreign investors who want to take exposure to Indian assets, yet constrained from doing it directly in the Indian market or prefer to do so from their offshore locations.
  • Pros and cons associated – Offshore bonds have its own set of advantages and disadvantages for both the issuer and the investor as well as for the economy. Competition from offshore markets may induce improvements in domestic bonds markets such as strengthening of domestic market infrastructure, improving investor protection and removing tax distortions that hinder domestic market development etc. Against these benefits come the risks associated with financial openness and sudden shifts in capital flows, and the risk that offshore markets may draw liquidity away from the domestic market.

Conclusion –

Conclude by reasserting their importance in raising capital.


Topic :Food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.

7) Write a short note on seafood industry of India. Explain the need for sustainable aquaculture to counter setbacks it is facing and increase the production.(250 words)

Economictimes

Why this question:

The article provides for a brief account of shrimp production in the country and the challenges that the seafood industry is witnessing.

Key demand of the question:

Answer must discuss the significance of seafood industry; the challenges and future it has for the country. Suggest what should be the way forward by focusing on the need for sustainable aquaculture.

Directive word:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

In a few introductory lines highlight the facts related to seafood industry of India.

Body:

  • In brief discuss the following aspects:
  • In 2017-18, India’s seafood exports have seen a growth of 13.7% in quantity and 10.1% in value. Research expects that in 2019 India’s seafood exports will grow at 17-18%, clearly showing a demand for Indian products.
  • his industry contributes 6.3% to the total global fish production and has 14.5 million people engaged in various fisheries-related activities.
  • Explain the significance of the industry in terms of – livelihood, essential commercial enterprise in terms of exports etc.
  • Discuss what are the challenges?
  • Role and need of sustainable aquaculture.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


General Studies – 4


Topic Leadership and ethics.

8) Elucidate on the role of Leadership in political, economic and social sphere of nation development. (250 words)

Ethics by Lexicon

 

Why this question:

The question is on the topic of role of leadership.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the role Leadership in political, economic and social sphere of nation development.

Directive word:

ElucidateGive a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

In a few introductory lines explain what you understand by leadership.

Body:

  • Explain that strong leadership is necessary for a nation’s development in all spheres of life. A strong leadership ensures greater authority, inspiration and management of resources.
  • A strong leader identifies right the ends (objectives) and means (strategies) for a nation’s development.
  • Discuss how leadership plays a key role in harnessing the energies of the individuals of a nation and guiding the bureaucratic set up to achieve the developmental goals of a country.

Conclusion:

Conclude by reasserting the significance of leadership in all spheres of life.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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