Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development – Agriculture.
5) Looking at agriculture from the social safety net lens is perhaps the reason behind agriculture not being treated as an income generator, and this itself has most of the time contributed to farm distress. Critically analyse the statement with respect to various competitive support offers made through different income security schemes for the farmers.(250 words)
Why this question:
The article discusses in detail how the discourse on Indian agriculture has been dominated by farm distress leading to politics of competitive support offers.
Key demand of the question:
The answer must debate about the interrelationship that is witnessed between the farm distress and the social security aspects provided through various schemes and policies.
Critically analyze – When asked to analyze, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.
Structure of the answer:
In a few introductory lines explain the context of the question.
- Highlight the current scenario of agrarian distress looming the Indian scenario.
- Discuss how often the political discourse on agriculture has focused on support to farmers, notwithstanding that what has most failed the Indian agriculture is markets for outputs.
- Explain the flaws associated with the schemes that aim to provide social security net, as to why they lead to farm distress eventually.
- Discuss that Social protection programmes often aim to address the underlying market failures that may have contributed to the persistent state of poverty but however they end up leading to farm distress.
- Discuss what needs to be done? – change in policy directions, focus shift to markets etc.
Conclude with what should be the way forward.