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[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 16 May 2019

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 16 May 2019

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INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2019: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 

Tomorrow’s Static Topic: Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States
and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies
constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.


General Studies – 1


Topic: The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.

1) Discuss the contributions of Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar to the social reform movements with a special emphasis on the contributions made by him through literature.(250 words)

Livemint

Why this question:

The question is in the light of recent incident in Bengal where in his statue was vandalized in Kolkata during a clash between Trinamool Congress and Bharatiya Janata Party cadres.

Key demands of the question:

The answer must briefly discuss the contributions of Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar in the social reform movements through his literary contributions.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

In a few introductory lines explain how he was a proponent of “do your work yourself”, Vidyasagar is considered a legend ahead of his times—someone who could challenge the staunch Hindu patriarchy to bring in modern reforms.

Body

The body of the answer has to capture the following aspects:

  • Brief about Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar – Born in 1820 in Midnapur as Iswar Chandra Bandopadhyay, he received the title Vidyasagar for his outstanding academic performance when he graduated from Sanskrit College.
  • Literary contributions – Vidyasagar’s Barna Parichay (an introduction to the Bengali alphabet) is still the first book a Bengali child is handed more than 160 years after it was written, His contribution to the alphabet, translation of several Sanskrit books, including Kalidas’s Shakuntala, has helped Bengali literature, Vidyasagar wrote two volumes on the mistreatment of widows, which set the tone for major social reform in the state etc.
  • Discuss then his contributions as a social reformer – took on conservative power centers of the Hindu society to force through reforms that would allow widow remarriage, women’s education and the rights of lower caste Hindus to study Sanskrit, challenged the widespread practice of child marriage, He challenged the staunch Hindu patriarchy to bring in modern reforms etc.

Conclusion

Conclude that he was an important He was an educationist, a reformer and a pundit of grammar in the history of India.


General Studies – 2


Topic: Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

2) Discuss the objectives, composition and significance of National Commission for Safai Karamcharis far do you think the commission has been successful in addressing the issues of the vulnerable section? Comment. (250 words)

pib

Why this question:

The Union Cabinet had recently approved the proposal for Extension of tenure of the National Commission for Safai Karamcharis (NCSK) for another three years.

Demand of the question:

The question is about discussing the objectives and significance of National Commission for Safai Karamcharis. Also analyse its achievements.

Directive word:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

Start with brief introduction highlighting the significance of Scheme for Higher Education Youth in Apprenticeship and Skills (SHREYAS).

Body

Discuss the following points in detail:

  • Explain – The NCSK was established in the year 1993 as per the provisions of the NCSK Act 1993 initially for the period up to 1997.

Later the validity of the Act was initially extended up to 2002 and thereafter up to 2004. The NCSK Act ceased to have effect from 2004. After that the tenure of the NCSK has been extended as a non-statutory body from time to time.

  • Discuss the significant role played by the NCSK –
  • Recommend to the Government regarding specific programmes for welfare of Safai Karamcharis, study and evaluate the existing welfare programmes for SafaiKaramcharis, investigate cases of specific grievances etc.
  • Also as per the provisions of the Prohibition of Employment as Manual Scavengers and their Rehabilitation Act, the NCSK has been assigned the work to monitor the implementation of the Act, tender advice for its effective implementation to the Centre and State Governments and enquire into complaints regarding contravention/non-implementation of the provisions of the Act.
  • Discuss their achievements.

Conclusion

Conclude with significance of such institutions in the upliftment of the vulnerable sections of the society.


Topic: Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

3) Discuss how Pradhan Mantri Adarsh Gram Yojana (PMAGY) is a vision for the empowerment of deprived sections? What are its objectives? Elucidate.(250 words)

Vikaspedia

Why this question:

The question is straightforward and is about analyzing the objectives and significance of Pradhan Mantri Adarsh Gram Yojana (PMAGY) in the empowerment of deprived sections of the Indian society.

Directive:

Elucidate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must explain the objectives and significance of the Pradhan Mantri Adarsh Gram Yojana (PMAGY) .

Structure of the answer:

  • Pradhan Mantri Adarsh Gram Yojana (PMAGY), a Government of India initiative for the empowerment of deprived sections, aims to achieve integrated development of selected villages through convergent implementation of all relevant Central and State schemes.
  • Discuss what are its objectives in detail.
  • Who are the beneficiaries?
  • What are the key domains of focus under it? etc.
  • Explain the methods of implementation and provide for its achievements so far.

Conclusion:

Conclude with what should be the way ahead.


TopicIssues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

4) While Life expectancy at birth refers to the average number of years an individual is expected to live, given mortality rates, India is experiencing a paradox of life expectancy increasing with increasing age. Discuss the causes of such a paradox and give your opinion.(250 words)

Livemint

Why this question:

The article captures a detailed analysis of the paradox India is facing with respect to life expectancy.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must evaluate and analyse why there is a paradox in the life expectancy trends, one has to analyse the causative factors for the same.

Directive word:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin with what you understand by life expectancy.

Body:

  • Discussion should include the following aspects –
  • Explain the nuances of life expectancy in general – how it is a measure of different aspects in population studies.
  • Discuss the Indian case – why is there a paradox?
  • What are the factors that have lead to inverse picture of the life expectancy in India? – take cues from the article.
  • Conclude with significance of various govt. initiatives in this direction.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


General Studies – 3


Topic :  Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation.

5) List down the objectives of India Cooling Action Plan. Explain how it is a bold response to addressing India’s future cooling needs while neutralizing its impacts. (250 words)

Indianexpress

Why this question:

The author in the article discusses in detail how new plan for cooling technologies is in sync with environmental challenges in India. India is one of the first countries in the world to develop a comprehensive Cooling Action plan which has a long-term vision to address the cooling requirement across sectors and lists out actions which can help reduce the cooling demand. Thus, it is important for us to evaluate its significance.

Key demand of the question:

Analyse in detail the objectives of India Cooling Action Plan and explain how it is a bold step taken by India in this direction.

Directive word:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the  particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

In a few introductory lines highlight the significance of the ICAP.

Body:

  • In brief discuss that – India is the first country in world to develop such a document (ICAP), which addresses cooling requirement across sectors and lists out actions which can help reduce the cooling demand. The overarching goal is to provide sustainable cooling and thermal comfort for all while securing environmental and socio-economic benefits for the society.
  • Broad objectives of the India Cooling Action Plan include:
  • Assessment of cooling requirements across sectors in next 20 years and the associated refrigerant demand and energy use.
  • Map the technologies available to cater the cooling requirement including passive interventions, refrigerant-based technologies and alternative technologies such as not-in-kind technologies.
  • Suggest interventions in each sector to provide for sustainable cooling and thermal comfort for all.
  • Focus on skilling of RAC service technicians.
  • Develop an R&D innovation ecosystem for indigenous development of alternative technologies.
  • Explain the benefits India can reap from it

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


Topic: Disaster and disaster management.

6) What is Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery? Discuss its objectives. Also explain the role played by India.(250 words)

Reference

Why this question:

Recently India has been unanimously chosen as co-chair of the Consultative Group (CG) of Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery (GFDRR) for the fiscal year 2020.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss in detail is Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery and its objectives along with the significant role played by India in this direction.

Directive word:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the  particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer

Introduction:

write a few introductory lines about is Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery.

Body:

Answers must discuss the following aspects :

  • What is it? It is a grant-funding mechanism, managed by the World Bank, that supports disaster risk management projects worldwide.
  • Objectives: GFDRR is a global partnership that helps developing countries better understand and reduce their vulnerability to natural hazards and climate change.
  • Present status: It is presently working on the ground with over 400 local, national, regional, and international partners and provides knowledge, funding, and technical assistance.
  • Explain the role India has to play with respect to it.

Conclusion –

Conclude with way forward.


Topic:  Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism.

7) What do you understand by online extremism?  Discuss the relevance of ‘Christchurch call to action’ recently seen in news to combat the same.(250 words)

Reference

Why this question:

India recently joined the global initiative to combat extremism online

The initiative ‘Christchurch call to action’ has been named after the New Zealand city where 51 people were killed in an attack on mosques.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must first address the concept of online extremism and then discuss broadly the genesis, objectives and significance of ‘Christchurch call to action’.

Directive word:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

In a few introductory lines discuss the relevance of the question. State recent terror attacks that took form of online extremism.

Body:

  • Define online extremism – Online Extremism can be defined as advocating support of groups or causes that in any distribution of opinion would lie on one of the “tails”.
  • The primary goal is to create online social network of unaffiliated sympathizers, propagandists, fighters and recruiters to create a thriving online extremist community (OEC).
  • Then move on to discuss the genesis and objectives of the ‘Christchurch call to action’ – the initiative outlines collective, voluntary commitments from governments and online service providers intended to address the issue of terrorist and violent extremist content online and to prevent the abuse of the internet.
  • The Christchurch attack highlighted the urgent need for action and enhanced cooperation among the wide range of actors with influence over this issue, including governments, civil society, and online service providers, such as social media companies, to eliminate terrorist and violent extremist content online.

Conclusion:

Conclude with what should be the way forward.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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