[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 14 May 2019

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[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 14 May 2019

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INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2019: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 

Tomorrow’s Static Topic: Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States
and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies
constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.


General Studies – 1


Topic:  The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.

1) Explain how Rabindranath Tagore catalyzed the progress of Indian national movement in innumerable ways. (250 words)

Indianexpress

 

Why this question:

The article captures the contributions of Rabindranath Tagore to the Indian national movement.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss in detail the contributions of Rabindranath Tagore to the Indian national movement.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Brief upon the recent incidences that highlight the inequality prevailing in terms of Women participation in the politics of the country.

Body:

  • Body of the answer should discuss the following aspects:
  • What was the contribution of Rabindranath Tagore?
  • Discuss how Tagore had no illusions about the character of British rule in India. However, he was no political leader himself but the period of the Partition of Bengal in 1905 by Lord Curzon is of importance, when he provided active leadership to the Swadeshi Movement advocating boycott of British goods and promotion of indigenous products.
  • Discuss his multi-pronged approach: on the one hand, he was convinced that unless the sickness that Indian society was suffering from could be overcome mere achievement of freedom would be meaningless. Constructive social work was the crying need of the hour. Reforming education therefore became a cornerstone of his mission for society and nation building.
  • His literary contributions to the national movement – his book Nationalism and others.
  • Explain Tagore’s opposition to the non-cooperation movement of Gandhi and his trenchant criticism of modern nationalism etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by reasserting his dedicated contributions to the National movement.


TopicGeographical features and their location- changes in critical geographical features (including waterbodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

2) Do you think there exists a correlation of an agroclimatic conditions of a region with the strategy for water management practices? Give your opinion with suitable justifications.(250 words)

Reference

 

Why this question:

The article discusses in detail how the water management practices often are and must be guided by the agroclimatic conditions of a region. It tries to establish the correlation that exists between the two aspects.

Key demands of the question:

The answer must briefly discuss the existence of the correlation  between the agro climatic conditions and methods of managing water of a region and to what extent the correlation is significant in managing water as a critical resource, one has to justify with examples.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

In a few introductory lines explain what you understand by question statement.

Body

The body of the answer has to capture the following aspects:

  • highlight the need for conservation of water and effective management of the same and how it is the need of the hour.
  • Discuss how Around the world, cities are facing huge water-related risks that are aggravated by climate change, rapid urbanization and outdated infrastructure resulting in flooding, water scarcity and rehabilitation costs on a scale that overwhelm the capacities of cities.
  • Explain the challenges that are faced in conservation and management of water resource.
  • Quote examples to justify the correlation – use hints from the article.

Conclusion

Conclude that the need of the hour is to go back to the use of traditional approach and adopt sustainable, cost effective, low maintenance practices. Depending on the agroclimatic region the strategy may be different but the idea is the same — catch water where it falls.


General Studies – 2


Topic:  Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

3) The Strait of Hormuz, a vital shipping route linking Middle East oil producers to markets in other parts of the world, has been at the heart of regional tensions for decades. Critically Analyse. (250 words)

Indianexpress

Why this question:

Saudi Arabia said on Monday that two Saudi oil tankers were among vessels targeted in a “sabotage attack” off the coast of the United Arab Emirates, condemning it as an attempt to undermine the security of global crude supplies. The UAE said on Sunday that four commercial vessels were sabotaged near its Fujairah emirate, one of the world’s largest bunkering hubs lying just outside the Strait of Hormuz.

Key demand of the question:

The incidence above necessitates us to analyse the significance of Strait of Hormuz – a vital shipping route linking Middle East oil producers to markets in Asia, Europe, North America and beyond, has been at the heart of regional tensions for decades.

Directive word:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyze, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin with brief write up on geographical location of Strait of Hormuz – s a strategically important strait or narrow strip of water that links the Persian Gulf with the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman.

Body:

  • Discussion should include the following aspects –
  • The answer must mainly focus at    analyzing the importance of the Strait of Hormuz.
  • Who controls the Strait of Hormuz? – Iran and Oman are the countries nearest to the Strait of Hormuz and share territorial rights over the waters.
  • Narrate a brief upon the Geographic Importance and History of the Strait of Hormuz.
  • What are the issues/tussle between different countries of the region?
  • How it is a Chokepoint Between Persian Gulf and The Arabian Sea?
  • What are the present situations?
  • What needs to be done?

 

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


Topic: Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

4) Discuss the various constitutional safeguards for protection of the minority and schemes introduced by the government to empower them.(250 words)

Indian polity by Lakshmikanth

Why this question:

The question is based on the static portions of the syllabus, it aims to analyse the various constitutional safeguards for protection of the minority and schemes introduced by the government to empower them.

Demand of the question:

This question seeks to examine constitutional safeguards for protection of the minority and schemes introduced by the government to empower them.

Directive word:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

Start with brief introduction highlighting the significance of the mechanisms to provide for the protection of the minority in the country. Provide for a brief on scenario of minorities in the country – one may quote some facts related to numbers.

Body

Discuss the following points in detail:

  • Discuss first how Democracy and minorities are supplementary and
  • complementary in nature and thus require safeguards.
  • Discuss the constitutional safeguards: The Preamble of the ‘Indian Constitution’; The preamble has authoritatively declared that India is a secular county, Part III of the Indian Constitution contains the cardinal part of Indian constitution; In this context following are the fundamental rights that ensure security and safeguard the rights and
  • privileges of minorities of the country – Article 14, Article 15(4), Article 19, Article 28, Article 29, Article 30.
  • DPSP – Article 38, Article 39. Article 46, Article 49, Article 51 etc.
  • Explain how the various schemes and policies apart from the above constitutional safeguards have constantly aimed at providing safety and upliftment of the minorities in the country.

Conclusion

Conclude with significance of such efforts in a Democracy.


Topic:  Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

5) What is the basic idea behind initiating the e Choupal?  Discuss how it has proved to be an aggregator of Agricultural Services.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

YC Deveshwar, the man who transformed ITC into a multi-business conglomerate, passed away recently. The e Choupal is a flagship program of the ITC -aimed at linking directly with farmers via the Internet for procurement of products by entering the FMCG space in rural areas.

Key demand of the question:

The answer is straightforward, one must discuss in detail the flagship ITC program of e Choupal and significance of it in proving to be an aggregator of Agri services to the country.

Directive word:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer

Introduction:

write a few introductory lines, highlight the key aspects of e Choupal.

Body:

Answers must discuss the following aspects :

  • What is e-Choupal? – the two-decade old initiative from ITC aimed to web-enable farmers to overcome challenges related to information access and procurement.
  • Discuss the salient features of the project.
  • Explain how it catalyzed the protection of farmers from the abuse of the agents? Acted as an agglomerate of agricultural services?
  • The focus of the answer must be on the welfare aspect that the project brought in for the Farmers.
  • Provide for way forward.

Conclusion –

Conclude by reasserting significance of such initiatives of private companies in policy making of the country.


General Studies – 3


Topic : Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

6)  Plastic pollution is a pressing environmental concern that requires our collective action. Discuss this statement in the background of Basel Convention on the control of hazardous wastes which recently was amended to include plastic waste. (250 words)

The hindu

 

Why this question:

Recently Around 180 governments agreed on a new UN accord to regulate the export of plastic waste. Thus, it is important for us to evaluate the pressing concern that plastic pollution poses on the environment today.

Key demand of the question:

Analyse in detail how Plastic pollution is a pressing environmental concern that requires our collective action. The growing levels of plastic waste are becoming unmanageable, every year, more than eight million tons end up in the oceans. Thus, we have to analyse the causes and consequences of the same.

Directive word:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

In a few introductory lines highlight some facts to justify the current menace of plastic pollution.

Body:

In brief discuss –

  • Start by stating some facts /reports to justify the current conditions of plastic pollution.
  • Highlight the agreement that was reached recently that took the form of an amendment to the Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Waste and their Disposal, to include plastic waste and improve the regulation of its trade.
  • Identify the Dangers of the Plastic Era – discuss the causes and consequences.
  • Highlight the need for collective action.

Conclusion:

Conclude by reasserting the need to curb and control the menace of plastic pollution and the threat it poses on the environment.

 


General Studies – 4


Topic: moral and political attitudes

7) Differentiate between private/public morality and political morality, why do people choosing political life require ethics different from personal morality? Elucidate.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

The article discusses in detail that When people choose a political life, they ought to have to follow an ethic distinct from private morality. It highlights in detail how though related, political, public and private morality are not identical. They may come from the same source, but are distinct. 

Key demand of the question:

Discuss by differentiating the private/public morality and political morality, explain how political life requires an ethics of different form.

Directive word:

Elucidate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

In a few introductory lines narrate the context of the question.

Body:

The answer must elucidate upon the following points :

  • What do you understand by private/public morality and political morality?
  • How are the two different?
  • What are the different factors involved in deciding the two types of morality?
  • Discuss the relevance of the two with individuals choosing political life.
  • Discuss with suitable examples to justify your stand – take cues from the article to quote case studies.

Conclusion:

Conclude with what should be the way forward.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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