[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 08 May 2019

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[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 08 May 2019

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INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2019: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 

Tomorrow’s Static Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth,
development and employment.


General Studies – 1


TopicImportant Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location- changes in critical geographical features (including waterbodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

1) Discuss the role played by the geographical factors such as physiography and climatic phenomena in determining the air quality of the region. Explain with examples. (250 words)

Reference

why this question:

The article brings out the case of air pollution witnessed by the Capital Delhi and the factors controlling the levels of air pollution. Thus, it is important for us to analyse the associated factors and their impact.

Key demands of the question:

The answer must explain the factors (geographical) responsible in controlling the levels of air pollution of a region with examples.

Directive word

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

In a few introductory lines explain what is air pollution, factors responsible for it.

Body

Discuss the following aspects in the answer:

  • What factors – geographical, effect the air pollution aspect of a region? – physiography: presence of barriers, proximity to land and water, elevation, altitude etc. climatic conditions – hot, wet, dry etc.
  • Take hint from the article and explain in detail the case study of Delhi.
  • Discuss what are other factors that are working in tandem.

Conclusion

Conclude with way forward.


Topic:  Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc.

2) What do you understand by Pacific decadal oscillation? discuss in detail the causative factors and effects.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

The article captures the context of Northeast India, one of the wettest places on the Earth that has been experiencing rapid drying, especially in the last 30 years. It highlights that the decreasing monsoon rainfall is associated with natural changes in the Pacific decadal oscillation (PDO).

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the concept of PDO in detail.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Explain what is PDO?

Body:

Body of the answer should discuss the following:

  • What is PDO? – It is a long-lived El Niño-like pattern of Pacific climate variability. The PDO is detected as warm or cool surface waters in the Pacific Ocean, north of 20°N.
  • Major changes in northeast Pacific marine ecosystems have been correlated with phase changes in the PDO; warm eras have seen enhanced coastal ocean biological productivity in Alaska and inhibited productivity off the west coast of the contiguous United States, while cold PDO eras have seen the opposite north-south pattern of marine ecosystem productivity.
  • How is it different from ENSO?
  • Causative factors? Consequences of such a geophysical phenomenon?

Conclusion:

Conclude with influence of such a phenomenon.


General Studies – 2


Topic: India and its neighbourhood- relations. Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests

3) What is Intra – Afghan Dialogue? With India being a key player in the Afghanistan’s peace process, Discuss the effects of such a dialogue on India. (250 words)

Hindustantimes

Why this question:

The question is in the context of Intra – Afghan Dialogue and its impact on India.

Demand of the question:

This question seeks to examine Intra – Afghan Dialogue, role of India and the effects it will have on the geopolitics of the region.

Directive word:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

Start with brief narration of the background of the issue.

Body

Discuss the following points in detail:

  • India-Afghanistan Relations – Strategic, Economic, and Security Interests. Highlight as to why India’s stakes are high in such a dialogue.
  • Debate on India’s role in Afghan – There is a debate among major players in Afghan on the optimal role for India in Afghanistan’s reconstruction in light of the enduring security competition between India and Pakistan.
  • Discuss the involvement of different powers – US, China, Iran etc and roles played by them.
  • Then move on to discuss Why India needs to keep a close eye on the progress in the US-Taliban talks?
  • Conclude with way ahead

Conclusion

Conclude with significance of the such dialogues and the impact it will have possibly on India’s relationship with Afghanistan.


Topic: Disaster and disaster management.

4) Discuss the importance of ‘Climate resilience’ in the eventualities of disasters. Explain how building climate-resilient structures aid to minimise long-term cost of reconstruction in the disaster hit regions.(250 words)

Reference

Why this question:

The article discusses in detail the commendable emergency response to cyclone Fani that saved lives in Odisha, and how now the state must build climate-resilient structures to minimize long-term cost of reconstruction.

Key demand of the question:

The question expects us to elaborate on the concept of climate resilience and one must state the significance of the same in the event of the onset of Disasters like that of cyclone Fani.

Directive word:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin with what you understand by climate resilience.

Body:

Discussion should include the following aspects –

  • What do you understand by Climate resilience? -Climate resilience can be generally defined as the capacity for a socio-ecological system to:
  1. absorb stresses and maintain function in the face of external stresses imposed upon it by climate change and
  2. adapt, reorganize, and evolve into more desirable configurations that improve the sustainability of the system, leaving it better prepared for future climate change impacts.
  • What is climate resilient infrastructure? -Climate Resilient Infrastructure. Infrastructure by its very nature, and often by design, is vulnerable to the impacts associated with climate change. ‘Climate resilient’ infrastructure can safeguard and strengthen developing countries’ economic growth from current and future climate impacts.
  • Explain the significance of having climate resilient infrastructure.
  • Discuss how it addresses vulnerability.
  • Discuss the case study of cyclone Fani to justify the answer better.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a reassertion that climatic resilience is of utmost importance.


General Studies – 3


Topic:  Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

5) What are NBFCs? How are they different from banks? Discuss their financial activities and the issues currently being faced by the Indian NBFCs. (250 words)

Livemint

Why this question:

The article highlights the ripple effect of the NBFCs crisis on the Indian economy. Non-banking financial companies (NBFCs) are facing a crisis, particularly the smaller ones that are struggling with asset-liability mismatch amid corporate governance issues. Thus, it is important for us to ponder on the topic from exam point of view.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must provide for a detailed discussion on what are NBFCs, their role and activities in the economy, what are the issues currently they are facing and what needs to be done to resolve it.

Directive word:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer

Introduction:

write a few introductory lines defining what are NBFCs – is a Company that offers financial assistance and other banking services without actually being a bank. It is a Company registered under the Companies Act, 1956.

Body:

Answers must discuss the following aspects:

  • What are the characteristics of NBFC? How are they different from Banks?
  • Business they undertake?  – Loans and advances, Acquisition of shares/stocks/bonds/debentures/securities, Leasing, Hire-purchase, Insurance business, and Chit business.
  • Further, Companies whose primary business constitutes receiving deposits either in instalments or lump sum in any manner are also deemed as NBFCs. However, NBFCs exclude institutions engaged in the following kinds of business: Agriculture activity, Industrial activity, Purchase or sale of any goods (other than securities) or Providing any services and sale/purchase/construction of immovable property.
  • Discuss How are NBFCs different from banks?
  • Then move on to discussing the problems of the NBFCs – asset-liability mismatch amid corporate governance issues, NBFCs had borrowed short term from banks and mutual funds while lending to developers of long-term projects, which got held up because of various factors, willful corporate defaulters etc.
  • Suggest solutions – take cues from the article.

Conclusion –

Conclude with way forward.


Topic : Infrastructure – Energy

6) Discuss the objectives of Ujjwal DISCOM Assurance Yojana (UDAY), How far has UDAY been able to address the stagnation/decline in the electricity generation capacity of State power utilities?(250 words)

The hindu

 

Why this question:

The article highlights the recent report made by Crisil that suggested State-owned power generation firms have to become commercially viable. Aggregate external debt of State-owned electricity distribution companies (discoms) is set to increase to pre-Ujwal Discom Assurance Yojana (UDAY) levels of ₹2.6 lakh crore by the end of this fiscal, according to Crisil’s analysis of discoms in 15 States, which account for 85% of the aggregate losses.

Key demand of the question:

Analyse in detail the role played by UDAY – its features and objectives, what are the current issues in the State power utilities, how is UDAY addressing it etc.

Directive word:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

In a few introductory lines highlight the observations made by Crisil.

Body:

In brief discuss –

  • Discuss the Scheme Objectives:
  • The scheme was launched for operational and financial turnaround of State-owned Power Distribution Companies (DISCOMs).
  • It aims to reduce the interest burden, reduce the cost of power, reduce power losses in Distribution sector, and improve operational efficiency of DISCOMs.
  • Strategy of UDAY? – four initiatives (i) Improving operational efficiencies of DISCOMs; (ii) Reduction of cost of power; (iii) Reduction in interest cost of DISCOMs; (iv) Enforcing financial discipline on DISCOMs through alignment with State finances.
  • What is the current scenario?
  • Discuss the efforts of the government in this direction.

Conclusion:

Conclude with what needs to be done, suggest way forward.  

 


General Studies – 4


Topic: Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions

7) “Our lives begin to end the day we become silent about things that matter.” – Martin Luther King, Jr. Discuss the statement in the light of the virtue of raising voice against the wrongs. (250 words)

Ethics by Lexicon

 

Why this question:

The question is intended to evaluate the quotation made by Martin Luther King.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the importance of raising voice against the wrong in a society.

Directive word:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

In a few introductory lines appreciate the value of the quote.

Body:

Explain that the only thing necessary for the triumph of evil is for good men to raise voice against it, against injustice. “A man dies when he refuses to stand up for that which is right. A man dies when he refuses to stand up for justice. A man dies when he refuses to take a stand for that which is true.”

One must appreciate the moral of raising voice against any injustice, any wrong as that is the rightful thing to do.

Students must explain such answers using examples to justify the answer better.

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance of raising voice against the wrong.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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