7) “India’s conservation policies and legislation in environmental domain over the years reveal a dichotomy of intent and action”. Critically analyse. (250 words)

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Topic:Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

7) “India’s conservation policies and legislation in environmental domain over the years reveal a dichotomy of intent and action”. Critically analyse. (250 words)

The hindu

 

Why this question:

The article provides for a detailed analysis India’s conservation policies and legislation in environmental domain. It highlights that  India is stridently moving away from community-involved conservation models.

Key demand of the question:

One needs to analyse India’s conservation policies and legislation in environmental domain with major focus on the recent shift in its approach that has moved away from community-involved conservation models.  

Directive word:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

In a few introductory lines explain the background of the question.

Body:

In brief discuss –

Discuss the recent legislations that highlights the alarming issue concerning India’s environmental policy like the eviction of more than a million forest-dwelling people from their homes.

  • Discuss the policies and initiatives of the government in this direction.
  • Discuss why there is Expropriation in the name of conservation?
  • Explain the Indian Forest Act, Forest Rights Act; lacunae with the proposed amendments etc.
  • Take cues from the article and suggest your opinion and provide for a balanced judgement.

Conclusion:

Conclude with what needs to be done, suggest way forward.