Are you Ready for Insta 75 Days Revision Plan (UPSC Prelims - 2020)?
Topic: Infrastructure: Energy
5) The Indian Power sector has undergone a paradigm change, India jumped to 24th rank in 2018 on World Bank’s Ease of Getting Electricity in the world as against 111th rank in 2014, Analyse this quantum leap and suggest what should be the way forward for India to ensure power for all in coming future. (250 words)
Power for All – A Dream Coming True, Yojana Feb 2019 issue: Infrastructure
Why this question:
Over the years there has been a transformational change in the Power Sector. Regulatory frame work is being reformed with a new Tariff Policy and amendments to the Electricity Act. In sum, the Indian Power sector has undergone a paradigm change. Thus it is important for us to evaluate the power for all scenario of India.
Key demand of the question:
The answer must provide for a detailed analysis of the transformative changes that Indian power sector has witnessed recently. Our country jumped to 24th rank in 2018 on World Bank’s Ease of Getting Electricity in the world as against 111th rank in 2014. This is a quantum leap. One has to justify the developments and bring out the shift in policy making that has led to such a transformative change. Also suggest what should be the way ahead to ensure power for all.
Analyze – When asked to analyze, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.
Structure of the answer
write a few introductory lines – quote relevant facts justifying changing scenario of Indian power sector.
Answers must discuss the following aspects :
- Access to reliable and affordable energy increases the ease of living and generates employment. It powers the development of the country.
- Discuss the recent initiatives taken by the government in this direction, marked shift in policy making from traditional methods to modern technologies.
- Achievements – More than one lakh megawatts of new generation capacity has been added.
- Energy deficit has been brought down from 4.2 per cent to almost zero.
- India has become an exporter of electricity exporting electricity to Nepal and Bangladesh.
- One lakh circuit kilometres to the inter-state transmission capacity-connecting the entire nation to one grid.
- Now, for the first time we have One nation- One Grid –the entire network operating on one frequency. Power can be transferred seamlessly from one corner of the country to another.
- A major landmark to universal access to electricity was crossed when our country achieved 100% village electrification.
- What should be the way forward?
- Significance of power for all .
Conclude with need for sustainable energy in future.