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Topic: Indian Culture will cover the salient aspects of Art forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.
1) Discuss the contributions of master of all arts and crafts – Sri Vedanta Desikan to the Indian art and culture. (250 words)
why this question:
A postage stamp to commemorate the 750th birth anniversary of Sri Vedanta Desikan was released yesterday, Sri Vedanta Desikan is one of the most prominent preceptors in the Srivaishnava tradition and one of the most effulgent luminaries.
Key demands of the question:
The answer must capture the contributions of such a personality, essential features of Sri Vedant Desikan’s philosophy, his contributions to Indian art and culture and its significance even today.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
In a few introductory explain who was Sri Vedanta Desikan?
Discuss the following aspects in the answer:
- Discuss the background of who was he ? – Sri Vedanta Desikan (1268–1369), born in present day Tamil Nadu is also known as Swami Desika, Swami Vedanta Desika, Thoopul Nigamaantha Desikan. He was a multi-faceted personality – a spiritual teacher, a scientist, a logician, a mathematician, a literary genius, a linguist, a military strategist and much more. He was conferred the title of ‘Sarva-tantra-svatantra’ or master of all arts and crafts.
- essential features of Sri Vedant Desikan’s philosophy – inclusion, irrespective of caste and creed could join the Sri Vaishnava fold etc.
- explain his literary contributions – prominent works are Hayagriva Stotram, Abheethistavam, Achyutha Satakam, Bhagavat Dhyana Sopanam and Kamasikasthaka etc.
- He received other titles such as ‘Kavitarkika-kesari’ and ‘Kavitarkika-simham’, the lion amongst poets.
Conclude with significance of such personalities and its uniqueness to India.