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5) Lack of domestic consensus and regional consensus on the terms of reconciliation has left Afghanistan’s Peace elusive. Discuss. Also suggest India s role in reconstruction and rehabilitation of Afghanistan? (250 words)

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TopicIndia and its neighborhood- relations.  Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests

Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

5) Lack of domestic consensus and regional consensus on the terms of reconciliation has left Afghanistan’s Peace elusive. Discuss. Also suggest India s role in reconstruction and rehabilitation of Afghanistan? (250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

The article gives for a detailed narration of Afghanistan’s different governance systems and the issues that it has been facing in coming to a stand for Peace.

Key demands of the question:

The answer must discuss the issues surrounding the Afghanistan – local level, regional level and global level. List the causes that have led to the instability in the region. Suggest India’s relationship with it and what role should India take in building the peace process in Afghanistan.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

Introduce by highlighting the situation on ground in Afghanistan.

Body

Discuss the current situation of Afghanistan – the plethora of problems; Taliban, the Trump exit , rising political instability in the region etc.

Then move on to discuss how the  centuries-old ties between India and Afghanistan shaped by history, culture and strong people-to-people linkages have become the foundation of the deep and strong relationship between the two countries. Building on the mutual trust and commonalities in traditional and cultural values, India continues to play a major role in supporting Afghanistan s journey towards peace and prosperity.

Discuss role played by India in the reconstruction and peace process of Afghanistan

India has played an important role in reconstruction and rehabilitation of Afghanistan, making significant investments in technical cooperation and capacity building in the country. India’s support and collaboration extends to the rebuilding of air links, power plants and investing in health and education sectors as well as helping to train Afghan civil servants and security forces.

Conclusion

Conclude with way forward.