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Topic: Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.
2) Discuss the powers, functions and responsibilities of Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) in India. (250 words)
Polity by Lakshmikanth
Why this question:
The question is straight forward and direct from the static portions.
Key demand of the question:
The answer must discuss powers, functions and responsibilities of Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) in India.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
Begin by stating that the Constitution of India provides for an independent office of the Comptroller and Auditor General of India (CAG). CAG helps the parliament/state legislatures hold their respective governments accountable.
In brief discuss the following points –
- The coming of CAG office into existence – The role of the CAG evolved in British India with Lord Canning initiating a major administrative drive before the Mutiny of 1857. In May 1858, for the first time, a separate department was set up with an Accountant General, who was responsible for accounting and auditing the financial transactions under the East India Company. After Mutiny, the British Crown took over and passed the Government of India Act 1858.
This laid the foundation stone of Imperial Audit. Sir Edward Drummond took charge in 1860 as the first Auditor General and the term ‘Comptroller and Auditor General of India’ was first used in 1884. Under the Montford Reforms of 1919, the Auditor General became independent of the government. The Government of India Act 1935 strengthened the position of the Auditor General by providing for Provincial Auditors General in a federal set-up.
- Then discuss the Constitutional provisions of the CAG.
- Explain the duties and powers, with limitations.
Conclude with importance of CAG office.