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Topic : Role of women, The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.
1)Discuss the contributions of Dakshayani Velayudhan with special emphasis with respect to formation of the Pulaya Mahana Sabha.(250 words)
Why this question:
The article brings out the contributions made by Dakshayani Velayudhan , a leader of the Depressed Classes, belonging to the Pulaya community.
It also highlights the formation of Pulaya Mahana Sabha and its contributions to the freedom movement.
Key demand of the question:
The answer has to discuss particularly the contributions of Dakshayani Velayudhan and the evolution and significance of Pulaya Mahana Sabha.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
Begin with importance of Dakshayani Velayudhan in the upliftment of the depressed classes.
- Discuss – Dakshayani Velayudhan was an Indian parliamentarian and leader of the Depressed Classes. Belonging to the Pulaya community, she was among the first generation of people to be educated from the community.
- She holds several distinctions including becoming the first woman from her community to wear an upper cloth, the first Scheduled Caste woman graduate in India, a science graduate, a member of the Cochin Legislative Council and of being one of nine female members of the Constituent Assembly of India.
- Her contributions – Although a staunch Gandhian, Dakshayani sided with B R Ambedkar on many issues relating to the Scheduled Castes during the Constituent Assembly debates. She agreed with Ambedkar giving up the demand for separate electorates arguing instead for ‘moral safeguards’ and the immediate removal of their social disabilities. discussions on draft Article 11 in the constituent assembly.
- Then move to discuss Pulaya Maha Sabha, contributions of it in Kerala and its spread to other parts of the country.
Conclude by reasserting significance of such leaders.