Topic : Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.
3) Differentiate between Pressure Groups, Civil Society Organizations and NGOs. Discuss role played by them in achieving true values of Democracy.(250 words)
Polity by Lakshmikanth
why this question:
The question is amidst the growing uncertainty of Oil imports for India amidst rising geopolitics that has encircled the oil rich countries and how it has changed the price scenario of India and created feeling of uncertainty.
Key demands of the question:
The answer must
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
Introduce with a brief on significance of these elements in polity.
The body of the answer should address the following dimensions:
- CSOs can be defined to include all non-market and nonstate organizations outside of the family in which people organize themselves to pursue shared interests in the public domain. Examples include community-based organizations and village associations, environmental groups, women’s rights groups, farmers’ associations, faith-based organizations, labour unions, co-operatives, professional associations, chambers of commerce, independent research institutes and the not-for-profit media.
- Non-governmental organization (NGO) is a term that has become widely accepted as referring to a legally constituted, non-governmental organization created by natural or legal persons with no participation or representation of any government.
- A pressure group is an organization with shared aims which seeks to influence policy through political means, without seeking political office itself.
- Civil society is an organization formed in the society to push societal interest to the government without any political affiliation whiles pressure groups are groups formed by group of people with similar interest and mind to push their interest to the government for the benefit of their members only and sometimes have political affiliations.
- Discuss how these groups act as a check on instruments of democracy.
Conclude with significance of such groups.