Are you Ready for Insta 75 Days Revision Plan (UPSC Prelims - 2020)?
Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment, climate change.
6) “Man-induced famines have become more common than the nature-induced ones.” Comment. (250 words)
Why this question:
The article talks about the woes of helpless farmers in the arid Saurashtra region that is facing acute water crisis leading to agrarian crisis.
Key demand of the question:
The answer must discuss mainly the aspect that the famines, drought conditions and the recent agrarian crisis are more of a man made outcomes than due to the natural factors.
Comment– here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.
Structure of the answer
Introduce by highlighting the alarming situation of the famines across the country.
The question is direct, one must discuss in detail the factors responsible for such famines, conditions of austerity that are an outcome of manmade factors – such as increasing population pressure, land degradation, climate change all leading to change in natural geo-hydrological cycles thus affecting the agrarian systems, natural ecosystem leading to famine conditions.
List out all possible interlinkages.
Suggest what needs to be done – at policy level, societal level and individual level to overcome and address the situation.
Conclude with way forward.