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[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 16 April 2019

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 16 April 2019

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INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2019: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 

Tomorrow’s Static Topic: Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.


General Studies – 1


Topic: Social empowerment of women.

Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

1) Addressing the supply challenge as demand for electricity rapidly increases will be key not only for India’s economic growth but also in empowering women in rural areas. Comment.(250 words)

Livemint

Why this question:

The article is in the light of recently released World Bank study that has appreciated  the fact that the with increase in demand for electricity ,addressing supply challenge will be key not only for India’s economic growth but also in empowering women in rural areas.

Key demand of the question:

Discussion should focus upon as to in what way access to electricity is  associated with significant improvement in women’s empowerment.

Directive word:

Commenthere we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Introduce by stating the presence of a correlation in supply of electricity and women empowerment specially in Rural India.

Body:

In brief discuss –

  • Quote the facts observed by the report.
  • Explain how electricity in rural India decides factors such as – women’s decision-making ability, mobility, financial autonomy, reproductive freedom and social participation of women in rural India.
  • Access to electricity makes women more empowered as it is associated with greater job participation, education, health and exposure to electronic media, all of which are enabling factors for improved autonomy and social participation among women.
  • You can as well provide for a comparison with Urban India.

Conclusion:

Conclude with significance and increasing necessity of rural electrification not just for economic growth but for rural empowerment too.


General Studies – 2


Topic:Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.

2) Discuss the reasons behind framers of the constitution of India approving the federal system of government in India, also discuss the key federal features of the constitution. (250 words)

Indian Polity by Lakshmikant, D D Basu

Why this question:

The question is direct from the static portions of GS paper II, it tends to evaluate the federal features of the constitution.

Key demands of the question:

The answer must discuss evolution of federalism as a feature of Indian constitution. And also discuss the key features of Indian federalism in detail.

Directive word

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

Introduce by highlighting the significant federal features of India.

Body

The body of the answer should address the following dimensions:

  • Brief upon history and evolution of federal features in India.
  • Reasons for adopting federal features in Indian constitution – socio cultural context of the country, continental size, trauma of partition, integration of princely states etc.
  • Then move on to discuss the federal features of the constitution in detail.

Conclusion

Conclude with significance federal nature of the constitution and also assert that we are a unique blend of federal and unitary constitution.


Topic : Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.

3) The anti-defection law and issuance of whips by political parties curtail the freedom of independence of MPs. Critically analyse. (250 words)

Indian Polity by Lakshmikant, D D Basu

prsindia

Why this question:

The question is centered around the idea of anti-defection law and issuance of whips by political parties and their role in curtailing freedom of independence of Members of parliament.

Demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the role of anti-defection law and issuance of whips by political parties and its interrelationship with freedom of independence of Members of parliament.

Directive word:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

Start by explaining what you understand by the anti-defection law.

Body

  • The question is straightforward, one has to first discuss the basic understanding of What is the anti-defection law, role of whip issued by political parties – features, how it puts a restrain on MPs etc.
  • Discuss – What are the grounds for disqualification under the Anti-Defection Law?, questions of ‘split’ and ‘merger’: Loopholes in anti-defection law.
  • Reforms to anti-defection law: 91st amendment.
  • Discuss Kihoto Hollohan vs Zachilhu and others case of SC  – It held that the law does not violate any rights or freedoms, or the basic structure of parliamentary democracy.
  • What should be the possible reforms  to overcome the above challenges.

Conclusion

Conclude with way forward.


Topic :   Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.

4) Election finance is at the root of much corruption in India. Critically analyse. (250 words)

Livemint

Why this question:

The article discusses in detail the alarming issue of election finance which is at the root of much corruption in India and how until it is completely overhauled, the country shouldn’t rest.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the current context of elections in detail, the focus of the answer must be upon the finance aspects of the elections and the corruption involved therein.

Directive word:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer

Introduction:

Introduce by highlighting the alarming situation of election finance in India and corruption involved therein.

Body:

  • The answer must centre around types of election financing methods available in India , the corrupt means.
  • Lack of accountability and transparency.
  • Open admission that votes are in fact secured through large, illegal and illegitimate expenditure on elections.
  • Discuss the various methods of election funding ; associated issues.
  • Provide solutions – overcoming the clandestine collection of election funds would be to introduce state funding of elections as so many countries have done.

Conclusion –

Conclude with how Cleansing political parties and elections of illegal money is the first step towards tackling the evil of corruption.


General Studies – 3


Topic :Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation

5) The world’s oceans are currently undergoing a dangerous transformation resulting into suffocating dead zones, in this context discuss the causes and effects  of Oceanic dead zones on Marine ecosystem.(250 words)

Reference

 

Why this question:

The world’s oceans are currently undergoing a dangerous transformation. Scientists have detected vast ‘dead zones’ around the world, where hypoxic water lacks the necessary oxygen for marine life to survive. Thus it is necessary for us to examine the causes and consequences.

Key demand of the question:

In the context of the article , answer must discuss what are dead zones, why is there an increasing incidence of their formation, causes and consequences . conclude with what needs to be done to save marine ecosystem.

Directive word:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin with what you understand by Ocean dead zones.

Body:

  • A dead zone in the ocean is created by hypoxia and is also known as a hypoxic region, caused by insufficient amount of oxygen. These spots are found in oceans and in other large bodies of water all over the world, and can be caused by natural occurrences such as the shifting of the routine patterns of water and wind.
  • Quote examples
  • Causes –  mainly by pollution from irresponsible industrial practices, marine animals are unable to live in these underwater areas because there is not enough oxygen circulating to allow them to survive.
  • Discuss the causes and effects of Ocean Dead Zones.
  • Suggest Solutions to Ocean Dead Zones.

Conclusion:

Conclude by stating urgent need of dealing with dead zones of oceans and essence of saving marine ecosystem.


General Studies – 4


Topic : Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics.

6) What do you understand by absolute good and relative good? Explain with examples.(250 words)

Ethics by Lexicon publications.

Why this question:

The question is direct and aims at analyzing  the difference between absolute good and relative good.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must explain how absolute good and relative good are different from each other, what is the correlation between the two.

Directive word:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the  particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Introduce with importance of doing good in ethics and moral conduct.

Body:

Explain that – There is no absolute good or bad thing. It is always in relative terms and could be having place, person or situation value. A bad thing termed by many could be best for some. At the same time, the worst thing as  perceived by many may be the best one. It depends upon the person, situation or place.

Nothing at all, it is only in the eye-of-the-beholder. Absolute morality (or fixed rules morality) is not a flexible enough tool to adequately guide moral behavior through real life. It leads to a lot of contradictory behavior, because it has no “give” to accommodate the complexities of our lives.

Conclusion:

Conclude that Nothing is absolute; all is relative, since any thought or actions cannot be seen outside of the context in which they exist or happen. The good or bad we know or perceive is heightened by our experiences or senses, and that there is no way of arriving at a universal adage.


Topic: Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics. Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.

7) Elucidate on Nishkam Karma principle of Bhagwat Geetha.(250 words)

Ethics by Lexicon publications

Why this question:

The question is based on the virtuous tenet from Bhagwat Geetha.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must first elaborate on what Nishkam Karma as elucidated in Bhagwat Geetha. Discuss its significance in day to day life and ethical and moral being of human life.

Directive:

Elucidate – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the  particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Throw light on the term “Nishkam Karma” – means “action or without desire” or “work without motive”.

Body:

  • Elaborate on the term “Nishkam Karma” – Krisha suggests that we have rights only on the work or the action, and not on its results, whether it is good or bad. Our works, our desires should be “desireless”, we should not desire for any pleasing (or unpleasing) result.
  • Of the paths of spiritual liberation, in Hinduism karma yoga or Nishkam Karma is the path of unselfish action, as stated in the Bhagavad Gita. It teaches that a spiritual seeker should act according to his dharma (duty), without being attached to the fruits or personal consequences of such work.
  • The significance of karma-yoga in spiritual progression is to do one’s duty for duty’s sake. It’s not work which is painful, it is the attachment to that work and the desire for expected results that brings pain.

Conclusion:

Conclude with significance of such philosophies .


Topic:  Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.

8) Essence of Democracy lies in the respect for multiple views. Discuss Ambedkar and Gandhi’s views on democracy in this context.(250 words)

Why this question:

The question is straightforward and is about discussing views of leaders upon Essence of democracy that it respects multiple views.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the views of Mahatma Gandhi and Dr B R Ambedkar on respecting minority views in a democracy.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Explain the importance of multiple views in a democracy.

Body:

  • present views of both leaders and provide for a comparison and contrast their respective thoughts for democracy in terms of views on social democracy, political democracy etc.
  • Democracy emphasis popular participation and majority carry the day.
  • Any decision or opinion arrived at through democratic means is assumed to be based on openness and equality.
  • democracy and equality both work in tandem . Such things , you can’t bring through dictatorship policy. Democracy is the ultimate answer, where  you are governed by the people , for people and from the people through a policy of census.

Conclusion:

Conclude with significance of both leaders and their contributions.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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