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Topic:Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.
2) Discuss the reasons behind framers of the constitution of India approving the federal system of government in India, also discuss the key federal features of the constitution. (250 words)
Indian Polity by Lakshmikant, D D Basu
Why this question:
The question is direct from the static portions of GS paper II, it tends to evaluate the federal features of the constitution.
Key demands of the question:
The answer must discuss evolution of federalism as a feature of Indian constitution. And also discuss the key features of Indian federalism in detail.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
Introduce by highlighting the significant federal features of India.
The body of the answer should address the following dimensions:
- Brief upon history and evolution of federal features in India.
- Reasons for adopting federal features in Indian constitution – socio cultural context of the country, continental size, trauma of partition, integration of princely states etc.
- Then move on to discuss the federal features of the constitution in detail.
Conclude with significance federal nature of the constitution and also assert that we are a unique blend of federal and unitary constitution.