Topic: Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.
7) Discuss the utilitarian contract theory of Kautilya and also explain how it appealed to the moral motivation. (250 words)
Ethics by Lexicon publications
Why this question:
The question is based on utilitarian contract theory of Kautilya.
Key demand of the question:
The answer must first elaborate on what is utilitarian contract theory of Kautilya. How he did not talk about the permanent income hypothesis but contemplated on attaining a permanent state of bliss. Kautilya extended the traditional conceptual framework to deal with ethical issues arising out of the new realities of his time.
Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.
Structure of the answer:
Throw light on kautilya’s philosophy of ethics.
present Kautilya’s ideas on contracts and property.
- Findings – Kautilya implicitly proposes a labor theory of property.
- He devised economic laws related to contracts, property and tort, which promoted economic efficiency and encouraged ethical behavior.
- Research limitations/implications – Current approaches ignore the role of ethics in designing legal rules for promoting economic efficiency.
- Practical implication – Unless laws are designed to encourage and promote ethical conduct optimum economic efficiency is unlikely to be achieved. Originality/value – Kautilya advocated a contract theory (between the ruler and the ruled), which was utilitarian in nature, however, unlike Bentham, he still appealed to the moral motivation.
Conclude with significance of such theories.