Topic :Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation
5) Discuss the provisions related to protection of Wetlands in India . Critically examine the importance of coastal livelihood programmes in the context of protection of Wetlands. (250 words)
Why this question:
The Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (CMFRI) and the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) recently signed an MoU to map, validate and protect smaller wetlands in the coastal region and restore them through coastal livelihood programmes.
Key demand of the question:
In the context of the article , answer must discuss various provisions related to protection of Wetlands in India ranging from policies to programmes .
One must also examine the importance of coastal livelihood programme in the same context.
Critically Examine – Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.
Structure of the answer:
Begin with importance of protection of wetlands.
- One can start with Wetlands in India: Significance, Threats & Conservation.
- Discuss policy environment and associated schemes – Ramsar Convention, National Wetland Conservation Programme (NWCP), The Central Wetlands (Conservation and Management) Rules, role of Central Wetlands Regulatory Authority (CWRA), National Plan for Conservation of Aquatic Ecosystems (NPCA) etc.
- Discuss importance of coastal livelihood programmes and their significance in managing wetlands. Quote examples.
Conclude by stating how wetlands jurisdiction is diffused and falls under various departments like agriculture, fisheries, irrigation, revenue, tourism, water resources and local bodies. To counter these, management of wetlands has to be an integrated approach in terms of planning, execution and monitoring. Effective tie-ups of trained academicians and professionals, including ecologists, hydrologists, economists, watershed management specialists, planners and decision makers must be linked with local expertise for overall management of wetlands.