- Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.
Legislation to strengthen US-India strategic partnership
What to study?
For Prelims and Mains: Key features and significance of the bill, implications if encated, overview of NATO.
Context: US lawmakers introduce new legislation to strengthen US-India strategic partnership- The bill H R 2123.
- If enacted, the new bill would ensure that the US State Department treats India as a NATO ally for the purposes of the Arms Export Control Act.
- The law would send a powerful signal that defence sales to India should be prioritised according to US-India Strategic Partnership Forum, which had worked on this important legislation.
- The legislation bolsters national security and helps ensure full alignment between the Department of Defence and the Department of State.
India is the world’s largest democracy, a pillar of stability in the region and has shown strong commitments to export control policies. This adjustment to US law will further allow the US-India partnership to flourish in line with the US’s security commitment to the Indo-Pacific region.
The National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) for fiscal 2017 included special language recognising the unique US-India defence relationship that designated India as a “Major Defence Partner” of the United States. The language seeks unique consideration for trade and technology sharing with India and increased attention and support to advance this relationship in the areas of defence trade and technology sharing.
To fulfil the spirit and intent of the NDAA 2017, the US-India Enhanced Cooperation Act would amend the Arms Export Control Act to put India on par with NATO allies and Israel, South Korea, New Zealand, Australia and Japan.
Mains Questions: In the light of designation of India as “Major Defence Partner” by the US, do you think India’s recent behaviour with Pakistan and Afghanistan is upholding regional peace in South Asia? Critically comment.