Topic :Devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.
2) The 73rd and 74th Constitutional amendments have remained as unfinished agenda. How does it hinder the accomplishment of economic democracy? Examine.(250 words)
Why this question:
The question is with respect to local self-government – The 73rd and 74th Constitutional amendments that provided for devolution of power to Panchayats and Municipalities and the lacunae posed by it.
Key demand of the question:
The answer must analyse why the local self-government systems in India have remained an unfinished agenda and thus failing the goal of economic democracy.
Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.
Structure of the answer:
Briefly narrate the significance of the 73rd and 74th Constitutional amendments.
The discussion should have the following points :
- The first half should discuss the 73rd and 74th Constitutional amendments, their evolution, characteristic features.
- Discuss what factors lead to the lacunae – the Act containing mandatory and discretionary provisions and thus how devolution of powers and finances up to local level have remained an unfinished agenda in India.
- Discuss other factors too – issues of Subjects shared by local bodies, taxation related autonomy , inefficient devolution etc.
Conclude with how vision of these amendments can be made real by proper political will and true deliberation and power devolution in a responsible manner.