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5) Examine the root causes of India’s problem of e-waste and discuss the whys and wherefores due to which rules and regulations  have been ineffective. (250 words)

Topic :Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation

5) Examine the root causes of India’s problem of e-waste and discuss the whys and wherefores due to which rules and regulations  have been ineffective. (250 words)

Reference

Why this question:

The question is direct and straightforward, one has to bring out the root causes of India’s problem of e-waste and discuss the policy failures and solutions therein.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must  discuss in detail the problems associated with e-wastes in India, the associated challenges and concerns in dealing with it and what needs to be done.

Directive word:

ExamineWhen asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer

Introduction:

write a few introductory lines about e – wastes in India, provide for some statistics.

Body:

Answers must discuss in detail the following points :

    • What is E-Waste? – Electronic waste, abbreviated as ‘e-waste’ is a term used to describe old, end-of-life electronic appliances such as computers, laptops, TV’s, radios, refrigerators etc., which have been discarded by users. E-waste comprises of numerous valuable but harmful substances that can cause an adverse effect on human health.
    • E-waste –Statistics – global volume of e-waste is expected to reach 52.2 million tonnes (MT) or 6.8 kg per inhabitant by 2021. Among Indian states, Maharashtra contributes the largest e-waste of 20% but recycles only about 47,810 tonnes per annum.
    • What are the harmful effects?
    • Why it is difficult to manage e waste in India?
    • Failures of policies – causes and consequences.
  • What Should India Do?

Conclusion –

Conclude with way forward as to how should India deal with the menace of e- wastes.

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