Topic: Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location- changes in critical geographical features (including waterbodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.
2) What are the different institutional arrangements in India to promote cooperation between the Centre and States? Critically analyse the role of Inter-State Council to enhance cooperative federalism in India.(250 words)
Why this question:
The question is about discussing the role of Inter-State Council in enhancing cooperative federalism in India. On has to analyse the different institutional arrangements that can promote centre – state relations.
Demand of the question:
Discuss in detail the necessity of cooperation between center and states.
Why it is important, what steps are needed to enhance it.
Critically analyze – When asked to analyze, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.
Structure of the answer:
The question is straightforward and conceptual , thus there is not much to discuss, one can start by defining significance of centre-state relations.
- Write in brief the existing institutional arrangements which enhance Centre-State Cooperation.
- Then, write the aim of Inter-State Council. Analyse the performance of Inter-State Council since its inception.
- Give examples wherein the council has catalyzed developmental activities like crucial in the implementation of many of the Sarkaria Commission’s 247 other recommendations, such as altering the states’ share of central taxes. council has helped bridge the trust deficit between the centre and the states
Give concluding remarks for the answer with a way forward