[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 08 April 2019

Print Friendly, PDF & Email

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 08 April 2019

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers.

How to Follow Secure Initiative?

How to Self-evaluate your answer? 

INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2019: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 

Tomorrow’s Static Topic:  Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location- changes in critical geographical features (including waterbodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes. 


General Studies – 1


Topic: Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location- changes in critical geographical features (including waterbodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

1) Do you think artificial recharge of the groundwater can solve India’s groundwater crisis? Present your argument with suitable case study.(250 words)

 

Why this question:

The question is in the context of significance of artificial recharge of ground water in the times of increasing severity of ground water crisis. One has to examine the means and ways of recharging ground water with special emphasis of artificial recharge.

Key demands of the question:

The answer must provide for a detailed discussion as to how Artificial recharge of the groundwater can solve the issue substantially but not completely because of very high rate of groundwater exploitation.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

In a few introductory lines explain the significance of ground water, provide for some statistics highlighting the alarming depletion of ground water scenario in India.

Body

Discuss the following aspects in the answer:

  • The water scarcity is one of the major issue which is yet to not solve completely and depletion of the water table has become a major problem across the world. Demands for water increases as our population grow. Though 75% of the earth is covered by water, only a small percentage of it is fit for human use. The excessive demand has put a strain on our water resources. In many areas groundwater, which makes about 20% of our fresh water supply, is being used extensively for a variety of human, agriculture and industrial use. The recharge rate is much less than the rate at which the water is being pumped out.
  • Discuss the effects of overexploitation – has a lot of environmental effects which include degradation of water quality, reduced quantity of water in wells and springs, and land subsidence to name a few.
  • Explain the case of India – more prominent in areas with a high agriculture economy, though it is high in urban areas also.
  • Case study – National Capital Delhi
  • Significance of artificial recharge.
  • What are the other methods?
  • What can be done?

Conclusion

Conclude with significance of the water as a critical resource for life.


Topic: Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location- changes in critical geographical features (including waterbodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

2) Examine the constructive and destructive effects of volcanic eruptions with suitable examples. (250 words)

Reference

Why this question:

The question is straightforward –

Demand of the question:

Discuss – Constructive effects of volcanic eruptions – Formation of Fertile Soils- Volcanic soils, Creation of new land, Provides useful materials, Geothermal energy, Volcano Tourism etc. Destructive effects of the volcanoes include – mudflow or debris flow that contains magma, Nuée ardentes, Environmental damage etc.

Directive word:

ExamineWhen asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

The question is straightforward and conceptual , thus there is not much to discuss, one can start by defining what are volcanoes.

Body

Explain in detail what you understand by volcanism. And discuss the both constructive and destructive effects of volcanic eruptions with suitable examples like volcanic soils – In India, such soil type is referred as Laterite soil, which is mainly concentrated in the eastern and western ghats, new island formed in the South Pacific due to Hunga Tonga volcano eruptions etc.

Conclusion

Conclude with consequences of such changes in earth building activities.


General Studies – 2


Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health.

3) What are FDC drugs and why has the govt decided to ban them? Do you think the battle on combination drugs seems far from over. Critically analyse. (250 words)

Govt may ban over 150 combination drugs (mint ePaper, 8 Apr 2019, Page1)

Why this question:

Fixed-dose combination (FDC) medicines, which are a cocktail of two or more active drugs packed in a single dose, are in the spotlight currently due to government’s ban on them.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must  discuss in detail the importance of Fixed drug combinations, why is the government putting ban on them, What is the controversy around it and what needs to be done to overcome this issue.

Directive word:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer

Introduction:

write a few introductory lines about what you understand by FDCs.

Body:

Answers must discuss in detail the following points :

  • What are FDCs and What is the logic behind FDCs? – behind FDCs is to improve adherence, simplify therapy and/or to maximise benefit for the patient courtesy the added effects of the multiple medicinal products given together.
  • Explain the current scenario – Popular FDCs, now banned, include the painkiller Saridon, the skin cream Panderm, antibiotic Lupidiclox and combination diabetes drug Gluconorm PG.
  • What makes them so popular? – because of cost. Instead of buying two, or more, separate medicines, a patient can buy just one FDC medicine to treat multiple illness symptoms, which typically works out easier on the wallet. Pharma companies, meanwhile, love them because it is far cheaper and quicker to combine existing active ingredients to make new products than to discover new medicines and manufacture them separately.
  • Why has the government banned them?
  • How will the pharma sector get affected by this ban?
  • What needs to be done?

Conclusion –

Conclude with way forward.


Topic :  Climatic anomalies Indian monsoons.

4) Discuss the pressure that below average Monsoon has on rural employment and the economy as a whole in India and what needs to be done by the administration to manage the same?(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

The article captures the  assessment from agency, Skymet about the forecast of a below average monsoon in India for this year. It assesses that  there is a prospect of an El Niño, often associated with drought conditions to be considered along with other factors that seem to weaken the El Niño link, such as a dipole weather phenomenon in the Indian Ocean.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must cover a detailed discussion on  significance of the indications given and quoted by the report; discuss the scenario with causes and effects. Second half of the answer must emphasize on the role of administration in managing such situations.

Directive word:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Highlight the indications of the report.

Body:

Discussion should have the following dimensions :

  • The highlights of the report.
  • Why a weak monsoon ? – causes
  • The consequences of the weak monsoon must be discussed in special context of rural economy and its association with employment – discuss effects on agriculture direct and indirect.
  • Then move on to discuss what needs to be done in terms of administrative efforts – significant role of local administration; take cues from the article to capture multiple dimensions.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


General Studies – 3


Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

5) Discuss the significance of global coalition for clean cooling that was recently adopted, also trace India’s efforts in this direction.(250 words)

Reference

Why this question:

The Global Cooling Coalition was launched recently at the first Global Conference on Synergies between the 2030 Agenda and Paris Agreement held at Copenhagen, Denmark.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the significance of global coalition of cooling along with India’s efforts in this direction.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly discuss  the idea of cooling.

Body:

The discussion should have the following points :

    • Why is the concept of cooling gaining importance day by day?
    • What are effects it has in efforts to tackle global climate change scenario.
  • Discuss the Global Cooling Coalition –  is supported by the UN, Climate and Clean Air Coalition, the Kigali Cooling Efficiency Program and Sustainable Energy for All. The coalition includes environment ministers from Chile and Rwanda and foreign affairs from Denmark as well as heads of Danish engineering firms ENGIE and Danfoss and leaders from civil society, research and intergovernmental institutions.
  • India’s efforts  – national cooling action plan launched by the Union environment ministry.
  • Way forward.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward and assert the significance of such steps.

 


General Studies – 4


TopicTransparency and accountability.

6) What do you understand by Public finance management system & how it has the potential of increasing transparent & accountability? Also elaborate on the challenges of adopting it. (250 words)

 

why this question:

The question is about discussing Public finance management system and significance of transparency and accountability therein.

Key demand of the question:

The question is straightforward from the syllabus and doesn’t require much deliberation.

Directive word:

Elaborate – Detail upon  the topic by giving an in depth insight as to how and why it occurred, or what is the  particular context. You must provide for a wider account of the same.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

In a few introductory lines define what you understand Public finance management system.

Body:

In brief discuss –

  • What is Public finance management system? – trace its evolution.
  • It is an end-to- end solution for processing payments, tracking, monitoring, accounting, reconciliation and reporting. It is implemented by Controller General of Accounts and administered by the Department of Expenditure, both in Ministry of Finance.
  • Discuss how transparency and accountability are key to the PFMS.
  • What can be done to implement these virtues in it ?
  • Justify the above points using suitable examples.

Conclusion:

Conclude with significance of transparency and accountability in good governance and functioning of public systems.


Topic: Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.

7) Moral defiance is better than Moral silence. Comment.(250 words)

Ethics by Lexicon

Why this question:

The question wants us to write in detail about the meaning and scope of ethics and morals and discuss in what ways are they similar and in what ways do the differ. We have to illustrate our discussion with the help of examples.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the importance of moral disobedience and in what way it is better that moral muteness.

Directive:

Commenthere we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

In a few introductory lines write about how the two words are used interchangeably, but in reality they are different from each other and have their own significance in defining the morals of an individual.

Body:

Discuss –

  • Define both the terms individually. Give a simple definition.
  • What makes moral defiance better ? explain using examples.
  • Discuss why is moral silence bad or not appreciated.
  • Discuss their significance in ethical behaviour and moral conduct of an individual.

Conclusion:

Conclude with significance of morals in ethical conduct and their importance in Public services.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

Subscribe to Blog via Email

Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.