Topic: Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian subcontinent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India).
1) What are the challenges faced by the silk industry in India? Discuss the government initiatives to revive the same.(250 words)
Why this question:
The question is in the context of Silk Industry and the issues facing it. The question requires to evaluate the government initiatives to revive the same.
Key demands of the question:
The answer must provide for a brief discussion on location and distribution of Silk Industry, the issues and concerns associated and significant policy initiatives by the Government in this direction.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
In a few introductory lines explain the significance of Silk Industry with respect to India – Indian Sericuluture has the distinction of being the only country in the world producing all Five major types of silk.
Discuss the following aspects in the answer:
- common problems faced by the Indian silk industry are – Price fluctuation, Absence of proper market, Lack of transport facilities, Absence of storage facilities, Poor information on market trend, Lack of finance, High cost of production and low productivity, lack of technology penetration, prevalent rural nature of the industry etc., competition from synthetic fibers.
- Government initiatives – Introduction of high-yielding mulberry varieties, boost to cocoons productivity, Tasar reeling technology package, Developed pest-management measures against various pests of mulberry and silkworms, increase in non-mulberry silk production, Adopt clusters of villages for better marketing conditions, Impose anti-dumping duty. List down initiatives such as – Integrated Scheme for Development of Silk Industry, role of Central silk board etc.
- Discuss however the piece meal approach of the government has not been very successful thus suggest way forward – Establishment of close linkage between forward and backward sub-systems for greater efficiency and synergy as sericulture and silk industry is highly scattered and unorganized. Adequate thrust on non-traditional uses of silk such as use for artificial skin and other medical applications could create a positive pressure for high value addition. Protection to some extent of Indian silk market from Chinese cheap raw silk and fabrics by implementation of anti-dumping duty. Identification and promotion of potential clusters for silk production in potential traditional and nontraditional areas. Skill up-gradation through structured and specially designed training programme. Evolution of appropriate cost-effective technologies through focused research projects for the development of superior and hybrid breeds.
Conclude with significance of sericulture and its potential.