Are you Ready for Insta 75 Days Revision Plan (UPSC Prelims - 2020)?
Topic: Agriculture/ Conservation, climate change.
6) Discuss the necessity of sustainable agriculture in India to build resilience against threats of climate vagaries.(250 words)
Why this question:
The article discusses that Agriculture in India needs to become more sustainable even as small and marginal farmers struggle to build resilience against many threats varying from climatic vagaries to lack of financial support, conducive environment etc.
Key demand of the question:
Climate change could hurt farmers’ income by up to 20-25% in the medium term, according to the recent reports. Extreme weather events, temperature rise and lower rainfall all threaten to derail the Indian government’s agenda of doubling farmers’ income across the country. In such a scenario the need of the hour is to move towards sustainable agriculture. Thus the answer must analyse the need, concerns and way forward associated with it.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
In a few introductory lines highlight the need for sustainable agriculture ,support it with facts and recent reports.
In brief discuss –
- Discuss the significance of Agriculture and how it is central to the Indian economy – It accounts for 50% of the country’s employment and 18% of its GDP.
- Concerns – number of risks, including adverse weather, competition from larger landowners or food corporations and price surges. Small farmers are a vulnerable population where social, market and economic pressures are huge, often leading to considerable distress.
- Take hints from the article and present a case study on community led solid waste management efforts.
- Role of climate vagaries – rise in the number of days with extremely high temperatures and a corresponding decline in the number of days with low temperatures. Extreme temperature shocks, when a district is significantly hotter than usual, results in a 4.7% decline in agricultural yields. Similarly, when it rains significantly less than usual there is a 12.8% decline.
- Need for sustainable and climate resilient agriculture and how it can be achieved?
Conclude with what needs to be done, suggest way forward.