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Topic: Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian subcontinent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India).
2) Demonstrate the strategically important locations of multiple countries present in Indian Ocean. Also discuss why Indian Ocean is becoming a zone of contest? (250 words)
Why this question:
The question is in the context of significance of Indian ocean from the resource perspective.
Demand of the question:
This question seeks to examine the prospects of Indian ocean as a resource and its strategic importance for countries around the region. And how this has led to it becoming a zone of contest in the present world.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
Start with brief introduction on Indian ocean resources and its strategic importance.
Discuss the following points in detail:
- economic significance of the Indian ocean region for India – privileged location at the crossroads of global trade, connecting the major engines of the international economy in the Northern Atlantic and Asia-Pacific. This is particularly important in an era in which global shipping has burgeoned.
- Resource perspective – oil resources, fishing, aquaculture, Polymetallic nodules, other mineral resources – nickel, cobalt, and iron, and massive sulphide deposits of manganese, copper, iron, zinc, silver, and gold present in sizeable quantities on the sea bed.
- Strategic significance – India, china, US etc and their stakes.
Conclude with inevitableness of global competition among resource hungry world countries and need for moderation and togetherness in sustainable management of IOR .