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‘Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism’ (CCIT)

Topics Covered:

  1. Important International institutions, agencies and fora, their structure, mandate.

 

‘Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism’ (CCIT)

 

What to study?

  • For Prelims: CCIT- key facts.
  • For Mains: Significance and the need for convention, terrorism- threats, concerns and need for international cooperation in curbing.

 

Context: In the wake of growing threats and acts of terrorism across the world, India and Bolivia have called for an early finalisation of Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism (CCIT).

 

CCIT:

What is it?

The Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism is a proposed treaty which intends to criminalize all forms of international terrorism and deny terrorists, their financiers and supporters access to funds, arms, and safe havens. It is a draft proposed by India in 1996 that is yet to be adopted by the UNGA.

 

What does it call for?

  • Universal definition of terrorism: no good terrorist or bad terrorist.
  • Ban on all groups regardless of country of operation, cut off access to funds and safe havens.
  • Prosecution of all groups including cross border groups.
  • Amending domestic laws to make cross-border terror an extraditable offence.
  • It also addresses, among other things, the issue of Pakistan’s alleged support for cross-border terrorism in south Asia.

 

Concerns expressed by various countries:

  • US + allies: concerns over definition of terrorism, including acts by US soldiers in international interventions without UN mandate.
  • Latin American countries: concerns over international humanitarian laws being ignored.
  • There are also concerns that convention will be used to target Pakistan and restrict rights of self-determination groups in Palestine, Kashmir etc.
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