Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.
5) Discuss the key proposals of island protection zone (IPZ) 2019 recently notified for Andaman and Nicobar . Discuss the Concerns raised over relaxation of certain norms under it. (250 words)
why this question:
The union environment ministry has notified island protection zone (IPZ) 2019 for Andaman and Nicobar recently. The legal changes in the IPZ are aligned with the Niti Aayog’s proposal for holistic development in the Islands which is being taken forward under the guidance of the Island Development Agency. Thus the question is important to ponder upon from the point of view of GS paper II and III.
Key demand of the question:
The answer must discuss at length the key features of the policy, its certain effects upon social and environmental aspects of Andaman and Nicobar region. Analyse in detail the policy and concerns associated and give a firm opinion along with suggestions as to what should be the way forward.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
Narrate a brief background of the context of the question – salient features of the policy.
In brief discuss –
- Key features of notified island protection zone (IPZ) 2019 for Andaman and Nicobar – allows eco-tourism projects 20 metres from the high tide line (HTL) in smaller islands like Baratang, Havelock and Car Nicobar, and at 50 metres in larger ones, allows for eco-tourism activities like mangrove walks, tree huts and nature trails in island coastal regulation zone, allows a number of new activities in the inter-tidal zone between low tide line and HTL etc.
- Discuss the social and environment impact associated with it – displacement of tribal pockets, Community concerns, Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement etc.
- Environmental aspect – Environmental pollution, critically fragile ecological areas, eco-tourism, activities in the inter-tidal zone , construction activities, clearance systems etc.
Conclude with what needs to be done, suggest way forward.