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[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 26 March 2019

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 26 March 2019

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INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2019: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 

Tomorrow’s Static Topic:  Effects of globalization on Indian society


General Studies – 1


Topic: Effects of globalization on Indian society.

1) Critically examine how globalisation has affected urban  and rural society differently in India.(250 words)

Reference

Reference

Why this question:

The question is in the context of Effects of globalization on Indian society and more so specifically with respect to its effect on Urban and rural society.

 

Key demands of the question:

The answer must first elaborate on what is Globalization, what are the causes of it, its impact and implications on rural and urban India. Compare and contrast each of these implications and examine how they are different from each other.

Directive word

Critically ExamineWhen asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

 

Structure of the answer:

 

Introduction

Briefly discuss the importance of globalization and its implications in general.

 

Body

The impact of globalization on Indian and rural life has a tremendous   influence which is both positive as well as negative. The Indian urban

and rural life is viewed as the two faces of the same coin. They are mutually interdependent and both have a greater impact of globalization. India is getting global recognition and slowly moving forward to become a major economic and political strength. Thus, the paper clearly elucidates that globalization is a complex phenomenon and its impact on rural and urban

life clearly. It has a very profound impact on both Indian rural and urban life. As a result globalization has shown remarkable growth in urbanization and rural development.

 

Conclusion

Conclude with a positive note that Globalization has proved to be an empowering entity in Indian scenario.

 


Topic– Effects of globalization on Indian society

2) To what degree globalization has influenced the core of cultural diversity in India? Explain.(250 words)

 

Why this question:

The question is about recognizing the specific impacts that globalization has made over cultural diversity of India.

 

Demand of the question:

This question seeks to examine the effect of globalization on cultural diversity of India viz. linguistic diversity, communal diversity, Religious diversity, Racial diversity etc.

 

Directive word:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the  particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

 

Structure of the answer:

 

Introduction

Start by explaining effects of globalization in general and discuss its influence and the extent in brief.

 

Body

One has to analyse both positives and negatives  of globalization :

  • Linguistic diversity: resulted in centralist language, which dominates regional dialects, and minority languages. E.g.: In urban areas, most of the families these days talk in English even at homes. But it has a positive dimension, where it had led to Indians excelling in the services sector of the economy.
  • Caste Diversity: has led to decreased emphasis on localized castes but the socio-economic disparities in societies continues to cause conflicts, which are dominated by caste hegemony.
  • Religious diversity: increased prosperity and materialistic pursuits have decreased the religion based conflicts but religion continues to dominate the social sphere mostly concerned with ethos and values. It also had led to questioning the age old exploitative traditions like Devadasi and Triple-talaq. Also though India was multi-religious but was dominated by Hindu’s with globalization it has led to be polarized by few religions. Also, exposed India to religious fundamentalism.
  • Racial diversity: Globalization to an extent has changed the racial demography to an extent with decreasing numbers of Mongoloid race. Migration from North East side of India has to an extent changed the demography of Indian races. The economic inequalities and slow movement towards mono-culture has led to increased attacks on racial minorities, E.g.: NE students attacked in New Delhi.

Influence

Negative influence:

  • Unmonitored access to Western culture – Misrepresentation, stereotyping and the risk of loss of cultural and intellectual property rights.
  • Increased consumerism and erosion of local cultural traits.
  • Under the influence of Western idea of individualism – more homogenization of values and beliefs. e.g.: Loss of local artifacts, promotion of western dressing, shift from local culinary habits etc.

Positive influence:

  • Technology has helped preserve some of the dying artifacts, document local languages and also exposed Indians to various global arts/movies etc.
  • It has minimized cultural barriers and promoted universal ethos (reducing partial mindset etc.), education etc.


Conclusion

Conclude that Globalization to an extent acted as a unifying force but monitored access would help India preserve its multi-lingual, multi-religious and multi-caste society.


General Studies – 2


Topic: Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

3) Critically examine the success of Pradhan mantri Ujjwala Yojana scheme?(250 words)

Livemint

Why this question:

The article analyses in detail the government of India’s flagship Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana (PMUY)scheme.

 

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the salient features of the scheme very briefly and discuss the successes of the scheme over the past schemes for the same target population with same intent and bring out the challenges that the scheme is facing and suggest a way forward.

 

Directive word:

Critically ExamineWhen asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

 

Structure of the answer

 

Introduction:

Introduce by highlighting the significance schemes to vulnerable sections of the society in the context of PMUY.

 

Body:

Answers must discuss the following aspects :

  • Discuss the key features of the scheme – replace unclean cooking fuels used in the most underprivileged households with clean and more efficient LPG (Liquefied Petroleum Gas), LPG connections with a support of Rs. 1,600 per connection. Target revised to 8 crore- to be achieved by 2019-20 etc.
  • Discuss the beneficiaries
  • Status of the scheme as of today, what are the challenges facing the scheme- Affordability and Inactive gas cylinders, Issues with LPG distribution, Safety Issues, Identification of Beneficiaries etc.

 

Conclusion –

Conclude by suggesting a way forward.


Topic :  Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary; Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.

4) Historically, startups, whether in business or in politics, have a very high mortality rate. In this context discuss the factors that make a political startup survive and thrive with suitable examples.(250 words)

Hindustantimes

Why this question:

The article discusses in detail the coming of new political startups; political parties and their survival.

 

Key demand of the question:

The answer must explain in detail the coming of any new political party , the process of genesis, and the chances of mortality of the same. The answer must critically analyse the challenges that are faced by the new political start ups.

 

Directive word:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

 

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin with brief introductory lines on political start ups.

Body:

Discuss some facts associated that justify the quick genesis and quick mortality of the political parties .

There are more the 1800 political parties that registered with the Election Commission of India. However, the numbers belie the challenges involved in building and sustaining a party in the country.

Discuss what are the challenges – leading to early demise of the political parties.

 

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance of robust methods to channelize the starting of the parties.


Topic :  Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

5) “Indian education system needs an overhaul of the existing governance structures along with Academic interventions”. Discuss.(250 words)

Hindustantimes

Why this question:

The article captures in detail the significance of systematic approach in Indian education system and the associated reforms.

 

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss at length the overhaul od governance required to reform the current education system to overcome the challenges it is facing.

 

Directive word:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

 

Introduction:

Introduce by stating the current conditions of the education system in India and highlight the problems associated with current governance system.

 

Body:

In brief discuss –

What are the challenges in the governance of education system in India, what solutions are required to fix these concerns – a systemic approach, consisting of comprehensive and coordinated set of academic and administrative reforms etc.

Then move on to discuss the Academic interventions – competence-linked teaching, learning and assessments etc.

Conclude with present policies and programmes in this direction.

 

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward – suggest steps to overcome.  


General Studies – 3


Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

6) Discuss the salient features of Indian Accounting Standards why is it significant? Elaborate on the need to have  an independent Accounting Standards. (250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

The question is in the context of recent  move taken by RBI. The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has deferred the implementation of new accounting rules, Indian Accounting Standards (Ind AS) for banks till further notice. This is the second extension provided by it. Earlier in April 2018, RBI had postponed the implementation of Ind AS by the banks by one year.

 

Key demand of the question:

The answer must explain with the salient features of Indian Accounting Standards (Ind AS) and elaborate on its significance and explain why it is necessary for us to have such a system in place.

 

Directive word:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

 

Structure of the answer:

 

Introduction:

Briefly narrate the context/backdrop or simple define what are Indian Accounting standards.

Body:

Explain the following –

  • What is it?- compromise formula that tries to harmonize Indian accounting rules with the International financial reporting standards.
  • Briefly discuss its salient features; structure ,current status, Legislative change required to implement IndAS etc.
  • Significance
  • Practical challenges to it from – revenue recognition, financial instruments and fixed asset accounting etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with its importance.


General Studies – 4


Topic Case Studies on compassion towards the weaker sections.

7) You are stuck in traffic driving a car. A poor girl looking very frail approaches you and start begging for  money. Looking at her frail appearance, out of compassion, you take out your wallet to search for a ten Rupees note.  The girl then snatches your wallet and starts running. A man on a motorbike who see this act, catches the girl and starts  beating her in full view of public. Now the traffic is moving and your car is in the middle of the road. What will you do in such a situation? And why?(250 words)

 

Why this question:

The case study examines multiple dimensions of a situation that involves dilemma, virtue of compassion towards the weaker section, punishing the wrong doer the right way .

 

Key demand of the question:

The question is upon situational ethics that is expected to be professed by you in such situations of conflict such as you being in the middle of the road, frail girl asking you for money, stealing your wallet, another person beating her up etc. The answer must explain the ethical angle involved at each instance and examine it closely and arrive at an amicable solution.

 

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Do not waste too many words here, as case studies require more explanation, keep the introductory lines short and crisp avoid re-iterating the question statement.

Body:

Discuss what actions would you take :

  1. Firstly pullover the car to the side of the road, so as to have no disturbance to the traffic.
  2. Reach the spot where the man is beating girl and immediately  stop him and ask him not to beat or take law in his hand. Thank him for helping him at the same time remind him that  the girl is very young and could have acted out of hunger too, remind him gently that it is a public space and such act physical  violence could land him in legal trouble. This should lower his anger.
  3. Report the incident to the nearest police station , handover her custody.
  4. Explore if she can be put up with an NGO or a remand home where she can be mended of her ill mindset.

 

Conclusion:

Conclude that each situation has a derived prospect of its own, one has to keep their ethics and virtues high and adhere to them.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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