Are you Ready for Insta 75 Days Revision Plan (UPSC Prelims - 2020)?
Topic: Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.
6) Critically analyse the issues plaguing aviation sector in India. What needs to be done to overcome these issues and concerns? Discuss.(250 words)
Why this question:
The question is in the context of recent issues being faced by Indian aviation industry.
Key demand of the question:
The answer must explain with necessary justification the issues and concerns that the aviation sector of India is facing ranging from finances to safety of Passengers. You must also suggest measures – in terms of policies, legislations, schemes required to overcome these challenges.
Critically analyze – When asked to analyze, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.
Structure of the answer:
Use some suitable facts to express the current crisis situation in the Aviation industry in India.
Explain the following –
- Current Market size of the industry , Factors contributing to the growth of the aviation sector.
- challenges – global economic slowdown negatively impacts leisure, optional and business travel, rise in the price of fuel, Government interventions, High operational costs, High cost of aviation turbine fuel, High service tax and other charges, Shortage of maintenance facilities, High foreign exchange rate, Competition from foreign airlines, Congestion at airports, Lack of qualified pilots and technical manpower etc.
- suggest measures – liberalize foreign direct investment in the sector, more bilateral treaties for international routes, ore consolidation in the sector to lower down the cut throat competition in the sector etc.
Conclude with way forward.