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[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 23 March 2019

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 23 March 2019

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INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2019: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 

Tomorrow’s Static Topic:  Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues,
poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.


General Studies – 1


Topic: Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

1) How does the world water crisis affect women and girls? Critically analyse and  How can this disproportionate toll on women be addressed?(250 words)

Reference

 

Why this question:

The question is in the context of World Water Day celebrated yesterday across the globe yesterday. The article provides for detailed analysis of the water crisis and its affect on Women and girls across the world.

Key demands of the question:

The answer must bring out that carrying pots might be beautiful and widespread in popular culture, but it is a crime and outrage in the 21st century that women and girls are still carrying 20 litres on their heads for kilometres every day. Answer must examine the serious implications of water scarcity on women and suggest measures to overcome this ill effect.

Directive word

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

Briefly discuss the interrelationship between water scarcity and vis-à-vis women’s status and role.

Body

The body of the answer should address the following dimensions:

  • First highlight Globally, in eight out of 10 households lacking water provision, it is women and girls who bear this responsibility.
  • the burden of collecting, storing, and managing it usually falls on women and girls in most families around the world.
  • Quote case studies from India- how is it different in rural and urban areas.
  • Discuss – Water scarcity and its serious implications on women’s health; lack of sanitation facilities leading to school dropout of girls.
  • Suggest what should be done – global efforts, policy measures etc.

Conclusion

Conclude that its is unfortunate to see that  water does seem to have gender and the debilitating impact such politics have on women’s lives and livelihoods need deliberation and solutions that are permanent.


Topic– population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

2) Discuss the issues involved in identification of poor in India. What needs to be done for removing the flaws associated with identifying poor? (250 words)

epw

Why this question:

The question is about recognizing the fact that there are issues involved in identifying poor in India, and this is a major flaw in the system that hinders the benefits that our policies and schemes aim to give the poor of the country.

Demand of the question:

This question seeks to examine the issues associated with identification of poor in the country and what measures are required to be taken to do away with.

Directive word:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

Start by explaining how big a problem identification of poor is in India.

Body

Discuss the following aspects –

  • What are the available concepts in India for identifying poor? – elaborate here on the evolution of poverty line, chronology of events etc.
  • Discuss the Pre-cursor to Official Measurement of Poverty.
  • Poverty Estimation by Dandekar and Rath, various Expert Group to Review the Methodology for Measurement of Poverty.
  • Suggest what needs to be done to overcome? – more focus on research, doing away with obsolete methods etc.

Conclusion

Conclude with importance of methods to identify poor and its relevance in economic and social development of the country.


General Studies – 2


Topic: Indian Constitution– historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.

3) With increasing young leaders taking centre stage in the electoral discourse, Do you think the time has come to revisit the minimum age for contesting Lok Sabha elections? Provide your opinion and examine the pros and cons associated.(250 words)

Indian Polity by Lakshmikant, D D Basu

Why this question:

Under Article 84(b) and article 173(b) no one below 25 years of age can become candidates eligible for Lok Sabha and Legislative Assembly elections. However, with youngsters like Hardik Patel, Kanhaiya Kumar and Shehila Rashid etc. gaining the limelight in recent past much before their attainment of the requisite age for election as MP/MLA, the issue has come to the forefront.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the constitutional provisions associated with Lok Sabha and Legislative Assembly elections, the facts associated with minimum age provision, explain the interlinkages with rising trends of increased youth participation.

Directive word:

ExamineWhen asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer

Introduction:

Introduce by highlighting the known provisions of constitution in this context.

Body:

Answers must discuss the following aspects :

  • High spot the increased participation of youth these days in politics.
  • Discuss the pros and cos associated.
  • Explain India is a young country with average age of 27 years while currently that of Parliament members is 63, thus explain how reduction of age will help in plugging the generation gap and to be in sync with the present generation and addressing their issues.
  • Measure the associated issues that can accompany the change in minimum age revision to a lower age.

Conclusion –

Emphasize the importance and suggest a way forward.


Topic:  Issues related to health.

4) Discuss what is West Nile Virus; its causes and spread along with Long-Term Outcomes of Human West Nile Virus Infection. Suggest what can be India’s best defence.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

The article captures stock of the public health measures for controlling West Nile Virus. It reports upon the case study  from Malappuram District of Kerala suffering from West Nile Virus (WNV).

Key demand of the question:

Discuss causes, spread, transmission, symptoms, prevention and treatment of west Nile Virus, discuss what measures should India take to prevent the prevalence of such disease epidemics.

Directive word:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Introduce by stating the current conditions of the prevalence of the virus in India.

Body:

In brief discuss – what is west Nile virus?, origin, causes of the virus manifest. Then discuss its spread , methods of transmission, What is India’s preparedness with respect to it. What should India do to manage such epidemics and mitigate them well within time.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward – suggest steps to overcome.  


Topic: India and its neighborhood- relations.

5) Should India jump on the bandwagon of engaging the Taliban or continue to hold arrangements with the government in Kabul? Critically analyse amidst the rising valid concerns. (250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

The India Afghanistan relationship is not a simple bilateral engagement. India’s Afghan policy is driven by many extraneous factors such as its geographical constraints, its search for a transit route to Central Asia through Afghanistan and Iran, its troubled relationship with Pakistan and the growing threat of terrorism in India and Afghanistan and the recent coming of Trump’s policy etc.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must revolve around the need for India’s big role in engaging with Afghanistan and India’s stance towards Taliban. Emphasize that India has a greater role to play in reconstruction and rehabilitation of Afghanistan and thus India can not lack ambition in this direction.

Directive word:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyse, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin with narration of recent geopolitics involved in Afghanistan’s current government’s engagement with that of other countries excluding India.

Body:

  • Draw a map of the location, mark some relevant information showing geo-political significance of Afghanistan.
  • Then move onto discussing the current relationship between India and Afghan also trace the same historically.
  • Handling Taliban – what should be India’s stand?
  • Then discuss the policy shift of US and its implication on the overall equation of geopolitics in the region.
  • What should be India’s role in current context.

Conclusion:

Conclude by re- asserting India’s significant role in Afghan and Taliban affair.


General Studies – 3


Topic:Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

6) India’s water crisis is even more serious than its energy crisis. Discuss in the wake of India’s urban water crisis and what steps are needed to tackle this. (250 words)

The hindubuisnessline

Why this question:

The article is in the backdrop of world water day, the question highlights the situation of water crisis world is facing. With special focus on urban water crisis scenario.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must explain with necessary justification how India’s water crisis is even more serious than its energy crisis. One has to elaborate the crisis the Indian urban areas are facing and suggest what measures are required to be taken in this direction.

Directive word:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Use some suitable facts to express the current water crisis situation in the country in general and Urban India in particular.

Body:

Explain the following –

  • Crisis of water , why is it different from other energy resource crisis?
  • Highlight the sectors that require water both in rural and urban regions.
  • challenges posed by unsustainable water use and its degradation.
  • Shrinking availability  of water in Urban India – causes and consequences.
  • Measures to tackle the crisis, how to manage the Water and the Economy around it.

Conclusion:

Re-assert the significance of water and importance of saving it.


General Studies – 4


Topic:   Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.

7) Explain the utility of Cooper’s Ethical Decision Model in  Ethical Decision Making in Public services.(250 words)

Ethics by Lexicon publications.

Why this question:

The question is based on Cooper’s Ethical Decision Model and its utility in public services for ethical decision making. One is expected Bring out the importance of model ethical conduct at workplace.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must first elaborate what is ethical decision making. Then explain in detail the Cooper’s model, its utility in public services.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the  particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with importance of decision making at workplace.

Body:

Discuss how  business ethics address the rights and responsibilities of public administrators, thus ethics in decision making becomes centric to the role played by public/ civil servants. Courses of Action and Consequences of any decision made by an administrator has a larger public taking its affect.

In such a scenario the model by Cooper aids in making decisions ethically.

Discuss in brief the tenets of the model , how to apply etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude that according to Cooper, the ideal solution to any ethical problem will be on the balance of four elements.


Topic:  Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service , integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker sections.

8) Discuss the significance of empathy, tolerance and compassion as virtues necessary for a public servant.  How do they make a difference in overall administration?(250 words)

Ethics by Lexicon publications.

Why this question:

The question is about the importance of virtues empathy, tolerance and compassion necessary for a public servant to possess and the difference they make in overall administration.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must explain in detail the importance of such virtues, the effect they have on individuals and their positive consequences on . You must state your opinion and debate on the question with suitable examples.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with importance of empathy, tolerance and compassion.

Body:

Define each term – empathy, tolerance and compassion, compare and contrast as to how they are similar or different from each other.

Why a civil servant /public servant should possess these virtues to justify the administration job better.

Discuss the importance of each value – empathy, sympathy and compassion using suitable examples.

How should these be inculcated, what needs to be done?

Conclusion:

based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced opinion on the importance of these above values.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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