Topic: Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.
1) How does the world water crisis affect women and girls? Critically analyse and How can this disproportionate toll on women be addressed?(250 words)
Why this question:
The question is in the context of World Water Day celebrated yesterday across the globe yesterday. The article provides for detailed analysis of the water crisis and its affect on Women and girls across the world.
Key demands of the question:
The answer must bring out that carrying pots might be beautiful and widespread in popular culture, but it is a crime and outrage in the 21st century that women and girls are still carrying 20 litres on their heads for kilometres every day. Answer must examine the serious implications of water scarcity on women and suggest measures to overcome this ill effect.
Critically analyze – When asked to analyze, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.
Structure of the answer:
Briefly discuss the interrelationship between water scarcity and vis-à-vis women’s status and role.
The body of the answer should address the following dimensions:
- First highlight Globally, in eight out of 10 households lacking water provision, it is women and girls who bear this responsibility.
- the burden of collecting, storing, and managing it usually falls on women and girls in most families around the world.
- Quote case studies from India- how is it different in rural and urban areas.
- Discuss – Water scarcity and its serious implications on women’s health; lack of sanitation facilities leading to school dropout of girls.
- Suggest what should be done – global efforts, policy measures etc.
Conclude that its is unfortunate to see that water does seem to have gender and the debilitating impact such politics have on women’s lives and livelihoods need deliberation and solutions that are permanent.