Topic: Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism.
6) Terrorism emanating from Pakistan and the China-Pakistan axis working against India are two of the major geo-political challenges facing the country. Discuss(250 words)
Why this question:
The article is in the backdrop of recently placed hold on the listing of Pakistan-based terror group Jaish-e-Mohammad (JeM)’s leader Masood Azhar at the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) by China.
Key demand of the question:
The question must explain the dichotomy that in India there is no stomach for any kind of dialogue with Pakistan. And yet with China, every time there is a pushback and this is pretty much when China refuses to list Masood Azhar despite the kind of push India has made diplomatically after the Pulwama attack. Thus in such a background one is expected to analyse geopolitics amidst the current situation and threats of terrorism emanating from Pakistan.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
Re- assert the importance of TB elimination in India.
Explain Terrorism emanating from Pakistan and the China-Pakistan axis working against India are two of the major geo-political challenges facing the country, then move onto explain the other geo-political challenges to India including the uncertainty around the incoming Donald Trump-led US administration’s policies vis-a-vis China, Pakistan and India. Discuss how Bilateral ties between India and Pakistan are rock-bottom and explain the need to change it by imposing economic and political sanctions. Then discuss what should be India’s stand in such context.
While India’s geo-political challenges will have to be dealt with by itself primarily, it would help if there is clarity on position of China and US vis-à-vis India and Pakistan.