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Topic: Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate./ Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment
5) Discuss the significance of resolution for sustainable nitrogen management led by India in the United Nations Environment Assembly. (250 words)
why this question:
In a significant first, India piloted resolutions on two important global environment issues relating to Single-use Plastics and Sustainable Nitrogen management at the fourth session of United Nations Environment Assembly (UNEA) which was held in Nairobi recently. Thus the question is important to ponder upon from the exam point of view.
Key demand of the question:
The global nitrogen use efficiency is low, resulting in pollution by reactive nitrogen which threatens human health, eco system services, and contributes to climate change and stratospheric ozone depletion. Thus the answer must appreciate the significance of such a step by providing facts to justify the need for sustainable carbon management.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
Introduce by appreciating India’s initiative to lead such an initiative and that too on a global platform.
In brief discuss the following points :
- What do you understand by Sustainable Nitrogen management?
- Discuss the salient features of Resolution on Sustainable Nitrogen Management – recognizes the multiple pollution threats resulting from anthropogenic reactive nitrogen, acknowledges the benefits of nitrogen, notes the initiatives like the Global Partnership on Nutrient Management (GPNM), International Nitrogen Management System as a science support system for policy development across the nitrogen cycle and the initiatives taken by South Asia Cooperative Environment Programme (SACEP) etc.
- Indian scenario; efforts India is taking in this direction.
Conclude with significance of such a step and way forward.