Print Friendly, PDF & Email

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 21 March 2019

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 21 March 2019

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers.

How to Follow Secure Initiative?

How to Self-evaluate your answer? 

INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2019: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 

Tomorrow’s Static Topic:  Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues,
poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.


General Studies – 1


Topic: Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.

1) Polarization around religion and caste often drives voters’ choices in India. evaluate.(250 words)

Livemint

Why this question:

Caste-based vote bank politics, rather than economic issues and social policy have determined India’s electoral choices. With Lok Sabha elections round the corner it is becomes necessary for us to analyse this point of view with respect to the context of Indian society angle.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss how identity and religious-ethnic conflicts, rather than economic issues and social policy, determine India’s electoral choices.

You must emphasize on lack correlation between developmental expenditure and support for a political party.

Structure of the answer

Introduction:

Briefly highlight the importance of voter’s choice in a democracy.

Body:

Answers must discuss the following aspects :

  • Highlight the present rise of religious divisions and the persistence of strong caste-based cleavages, while education, income and occupation are playing a diminishing role (controlling for caste) in determining voters’ choices.
  • What governs the choice of who to vote for in India? How has it changed over time?
  • Factors driving voter behaviour.
  • Vote Banks of Different Parties; discuss other religious and communal issues, such as cow slaughter, the Ram Mandir in Ayodhya, and triple talaq, that drive the polarization of the vote base.

Conclusion –

Conclude with what needs to be done and emphasize on overhaul of the Indian voting behaviour and vis-à-vis the political system.


Topic: Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues.

2) Gender wage disparity in India is among the worst in the world. discuss the reasons and suggest solutions to this problem.(250 words)

Reference

Reference

Why this question:

The question is in the context of rising trends of Gender wage disparity in India. Indian women earn 20% less than men; wage gap rises with experience, this is a sorrow picture of Indian wage scenario.

Demand of the question:

This question seeks to examine the current gender wage gap scenario prevalent in India. One has to address the question by listing out the various associated causes and suggest suitable measures to overcome it.

Directive word:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Keywords:

occupational segregation, racial bias, disability, access to education etc.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

Start by highlighting the alarming issue of Gender wage gap and how and why it disfavors the women.

Body

Discuss the following aspects –

  • What you understand by gender pay gap?
  • Factors leading to gender gap viz. – The primary industries in the state and the opportunities they create; Demographics such as race/ethnicity, age, and education level; Regional differences in attitudes and beliefs about work and gender; and Differences in the scope and strength of state pay discrimination laws and policies.
  • Facts and reports suggesting prevalence of it.
  • Suggest what needs to be done to overcome? – policy actions, government efforts, awareness, education for women, state led facilitation for equal pays etc.

Conclusion

Conclude with importance of gender equity.


Topic– Urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

3) What do you understand by counter- urbanization? Discuss the factors responsible for counter-urbanization. (250 words)

Timesofindia

Reference

Why this question:

Counter urbanization is a demographic and social process whereby people move from urban areas to rural areas. It first took place as a reaction to inner-city deprivation and overcrowding. Off- late urbanization process in India is witnessing counter – urbanization in its life cycle. Thus the question is important from the point of view of GS paper I.

Key demands of the question:

The question expects us to discuss what is the phenomena of counter- urbanization and the factors responsible for it.

Directive word

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Keywords:

quantitative deurbanization , ruralisation,  etc.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

Briefly discuss the concept of urbanization vis-à-vis counter urbanization..

Body

The body of the answer should address the following dimensions:

  • Discuss mainly that the  counter-urbanization is predominantly used to describe a process of quantitative deurbanization that qualitatively increases urbanism in physically rural areas.
  • Explain the causes associated like – growth in information technology, increase in car ownership over the last 40 years; more mobility, New business parks on the edge of cities, More people tend to move when they retire etc.
  • Impact of such a phenomena, weigh the pros and cons associated.
  • Quote case studies from India.

Conclusion

Conclude as although counter urbanization is not without negative effects, a move towards counter urbanization, if not to degrading to rural lifestyles and environments, might be a great boon to overall rural development.


Topic  Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc./ Disaster and disaster management.

4) The frequency of tropical cyclones has decreased ever so slightly over the last 70 years in the Indian Ocean season and Instead, a much higher frequency of high-intensity storms are being witnessed, in the light of recent onset of Cyclone Idai discuss role of human-induced climate change in such events.(250 words)

Reference

Why this question:

The question is in the backdrop of the Cyclone Idai  that swept through Mozambique, Malawi and Zimbabwe over the past few days, the devastating cyclone that hit south-eastern Africa may be the worst ever disaster to strike the southern hemisphere.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must revolve around the role of human-induced climate change in such disastrous events. The cyclone Idai has led to devastating floods, killing and injuring thousands of people and ruining crops. More than 2.6 million people have been  affected across the three countries. Thus the answer must highlight and discuss in detail the causes and consequences of such events.

Directive word:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin with quoting the facts related to cyclone Idai; location, impact spread etc.

Body:

Discuss in brief what are cyclones, their impact in general, then move on to explain the current context of Idai cyclone.

Then justify why – The frequency of tropical cyclones has decreased ever so slightly over the last 70 years in the Indian Ocean season and Instead, a much higher frequency of high-intensity storms are being witnessed.

Discuss the role of climate change, mainly the human induce ones.

Suggest measures to tackle such incidences – disaster management, early detection etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward – global efforts to tackle climate change and others.


General Studies – 2


Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

5)  A recently published Lancet report stated that India’s goal to end the epidemic of Tuberculosis by 2025 is too ambitious and unrealistic.critically analyse. (250 words)

In TB reality check. Lancet report says Indian, global goals unrealistic  Mint e-paper front page. 21-03-2019

Why this question:

The article talks about a report in British medical journal Lancet that recently published that the goal of India to end TB by 2025 is too ambitious and unrealistic. The article talks in general the high prevalence of TB and also points towards optimism of ending TB in India but not before 2045.

Key demand of the question:

The question expects us to discuss in detail the current scenario of tuberculosis prevalence in India, the efforts being taken by the government in this direction to eliminate it by 2025. You must  critically analyse using facts and figures and justify whether the goal set by the government of India is achievable in near future.

Directive word:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Re- assert the importance of TB elimination in India.

Body:

Explain Briefly the current status of TB in India – use the facts from the article such as – According to the World Health Organization’s “Global Tuberculosis Report 2018”, India accounted for 27% of the 10 million people who had developed TB in 2017, besides making up 32% of global TB deaths among HIV-negative people, and 27% of combined TB deaths. The disease remains a major public health challenge, and was responsible for 1.6 million deaths worldwide in 2017.

Then justify how eliminating TB by 2025 is a laudable vision, but difficult to achieve, considering the complexities of managing the situation, which requires equitable high quality of care to every person from diagnosis to treatment, cutting the transmission rapidly with a combined strategy of early diagnosis treatment of latent tuberculosis infection (LTB) and improving socioeconomic conditions.

Highlight the features and lacuna of National Strategic Plan prepared by the center in 2017.

What needs to be done – leveraging private partnership, increased political will, financial resources and increasing research to develop new ways to diagnose etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with optimism that such a  goal is not unachievable if right set of actions are taken.


General Studies – 3


Topic:  Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

6) Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs) are critical to property market development in India , but face unique challenges. comment. (250 words)

Hindubuisnessline

Why this question:

The article highlights the fact that REITs have an important role to play in the formalization of the Indian real estate sector. It also discusses in detail the associated challenges.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must trace the issues related to the Real estate investment trust in India, how these challenges and concerns should be overcome and REITs should be made to drive the property market in India.

Directive word:

Commenthere we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Introduce by highlighting the current scenario of REITs. Discuss in short the salient features of it.

Body:

In brief discuss the following points :

  • What are REITs? Importance of REITs.
  • Discuss the role of REITs in combining regular rental income with capital appreciation from property prices.
  • Bring out the concerns related to REITs – lack of investor awareness, peculiar challenges that the Indian market poses to the REIT structure, complicated land acquisition, fragmented property market, complicated Taxation of REIT returns etc.
  • Suggest what should be done.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.  


General Studies – 4


Topic:   Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.

7) “With bad laws and good civil servants, it’s still possible to govern, But with bad civil servants, even the best possible laws can’t help”. Do you approve of the view in the statement? elucidate(250 words)

Ethics by Lexicon publications

Why this question:

The question is based on the quote given by the famous Otto von Bismarck a German statesman, The quote is about  the concept of good civil servants and their significance in creating services that are good and righteous irrespective of goodness of the law.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must explain in detail the context of the quote and its meaning applied to civil services/public services. You must state whether you second the thoughts in the quote and if you do elucidate the same with suitable examples.

Directive word:

Elucidate – Pick out the main points on the subject in question and give your opinion, reinforcing your point of view using logic and reference to relevant evidence, including any wider prospects if any.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with importance of ethics in public services, importance of good civil servants.

Body:

Discuss :

  • What makes a civil servant good or bad?
  • How does a good civil servant serve the society in presence of both good and bad laws.
  • Debate the significance of good laws and bad laws vis-a-vis civil services.
  • Do not forget to quote relevant examples to justify your answer as such questions are best explained through the aid of examples.

Conclusion:

Re-assert  the importance of good civil servants in public services.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

Subscribe to Blog via Email

Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.