Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.
5) A recently published Lancet report stated that India’s goal to end the epidemic of Tuberculosis by 2025 is too ambitious and unrealistic.critically analyse. (250 words)
In TB reality check. Lancet report says Indian, global goals unrealistic Mint e-paper front page. 21-03-2019
Why this question:
The article talks about a report in British medical journal Lancet that recently published that the goal of India to end TB by 2025 is too ambitious and unrealistic. The article talks in general the high prevalence of TB and also points towards optimism of ending TB in India but not before 2045.
Key demand of the question:
The question expects us to discuss in detail the current scenario of tuberculosis prevalence in India, the efforts being taken by the government in this direction to eliminate it by 2025. You must critically analyse using facts and figures and justify whether the goal set by the government of India is achievable in near future.
Critically analyze – When asked to analyze, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.
Structure of the answer:
Re- assert the importance of TB elimination in India.
Explain Briefly the current status of TB in India – use the facts from the article such as – According to the World Health Organization’s “Global Tuberculosis Report 2018”, India accounted for 27% of the 10 million people who had developed TB in 2017, besides making up 32% of global TB deaths among HIV-negative people, and 27% of combined TB deaths. The disease remains a major public health challenge, and was responsible for 1.6 million deaths worldwide in 2017.
Then justify how eliminating TB by 2025 is a laudable vision, but difficult to achieve, considering the complexities of managing the situation, which requires equitable high quality of care to every person from diagnosis to treatment, cutting the transmission rapidly with a combined strategy of early diagnosis treatment of latent tuberculosis infection (LTB) and improving socioeconomic conditions.
Highlight the features and lacuna of National Strategic Plan prepared by the center in 2017.
What needs to be done – leveraging private partnership, increased political will, financial resources and increasing research to develop new ways to diagnose etc.
Conclude with optimism that such a goal is not unachievable if right set of actions are taken.